The Supreme Court Of The United States

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Over the course of the history of the United States government, the judiciary branch has evolved and changed with time. Specifically, the Supreme Court of the United States has arguably evolved the most, changing its motivations and philosophies overtime as the country around it has evolved. Additionally, the amount of external political influence of the Supreme Court has also increased as the courts began to modernize over time along with the ideas and views of the people, all while trying to maintain the judiciary branch within the scope of the Constitution and law. Historically, the Supreme Court of the United States has developed over three key periods, and how the Supreme Court developed over these three eras has helped shaped the Judiciary system to what it is today: a judiciary body responsive to political issues through interpretation of the law and the Constitution as a living organism. And while the Supreme Court, through judicial activism, considers political issues, issues outside the realm of their scope under the Constitution, they maintain impartiality by following the framework of the Constitution. The Supreme Court’s first era began with the founding of the country and the ratification of the Constitution. During the first era, the Supreme Court developed its powers as the judiciary branch. During this era, two major frameworks of the Supreme Court were developed under Chief Justice John Marshall during the Marshall court, the power of judicial review, and the concept of national supremacy. In 1803, the case of Marbury v. Madison established the Supreme Court’s power to review and declare the constitutionality of bills by congress. In Marbury v. Madison case, the Supreme Court ruled that the Judiciary Act of 178... ... middle of paper ... ...issues. As the Courts modernized, so did their acceptance of external political influence. This has been seen to develop in the transitional period of the eras such as the 1937 switch in time to save nine, and the reversal of the separate but equal doctrine, and even in modern times in the legalization of same sex marriage. Although the Supreme Court is insulated from external political influence by design, the modernization of the court has caused leaks over time to address the evolving way in which the constitution must to be interpreted, slowly allowing for external political influences to at least be addressed by the Supreme Courts. Therefore it can be argued that the Supreme Court is immune to external political influences by design, but as it developed over history, its evolution necessitated the addressing of external political influences to shape the court.

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