The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in October 1917

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The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in October 1917 The Bolshevik seizure of power or coup de’tat of October 25th, 1917 was a culmination of both internal and external failure to satisfy the needs of an oppressed Russian society. In contrast to the spontaneous revolts earlier in 1917, the Bolshevik revolution was ‘a carefully planned plot carried out by ‘professional’ revolutionaries.’[1] The victory of the Marxist Lenin’s Bolsheviks was due to the failure of the Provisional Government in response to land policies; their failure to gain support from the masses; the lack of ‘real’ authority of the Provisional Government and the military failure of the army. Secondly, the failure of the Petrograd Soviets and All Russian Congress of Soviets contributed to the Bolshevik revolution due to inability of its moderate socialist leaders to exert their ‘popular’ power. The Bolshevik victory was attained due to the rise of the Bolsheviks through 1917, with the leadership of Lenin and their ability to attack the bourgeoisie state of the Provisional Government. Furthermore the Bolshevik revolution was achieved due to the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks, by gaining the critical support of the ‘Red Army’ though Leon Trotsky’s role within the Military Revolutionaries Committee. Firstly, the successful Bolshevik revolution was account of the failure of the Provisional Government in response to its problematic land policies. ‘Five features distinguished the land situation…a shortage of land in the central provinces, the demand that all land be transferred to the working peasantry without compensation, isolated excesses and seizure, ho... ... middle of paper ... ...sia In Revolution, (1967), Great Britain, pp. 202 [3] ibid, pp.205 [4] Bucklow, M., Russia: Why Revolution?, (1976), Melbourne, pp. 159 [5] Kochan, L., Russia In Revolution, (1967), Great Britain, pp. 202 [6] Bucklow, M., Russia: Why Revolution?, (1976), Melbourne, pp. 156 [7] Kochan, L., Russia In Revolution, (1967), Great Britain, pp. 208 [8] Bucklow, M., Russia: Why Revolution?, (1976), Melbourne, pp. 159 [9] Kochan, L., Russia In Revolution, (1967), Great Britain, pp. 177 [10]Bucklow, M., Russia: Why Revolution?, (1976), Melbourne, pp. 166 [11] Bunyan, J., Fisher, A.H., The Bolshevik Revolution 1917-1918, (1934), pp. 24-27 [12] Bucklow, M., Russia: Why Revolution?, (1976), Melbourne, pp. 159 [13] ibid, pp. 162 [14] ibid, pp. 164 [15] Lenin’s Selected Works, (1956), vol.2, pp. 13-17
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