Why there is stigma related to HIV and AIDS? In many societies people living with HIV and AIDS are often seen as shameful. In some societies the infection is associated with minority groups or behaviours, for example, homosexuality, In some cases HIV/AIDS may be linked to 'perversion' and those infected will be punished. Also, in some societies HIV/AIDS is seen as the result of personal irresponsibility. Sometimes, HIV and AIDS are believed to bring shame upon the family or community.
Discriminating among HIV patients makes it difficult for people trying to come to terms with HIV and manage their illness on a personal level (avert, 2013), but also interferes with attempts to fight the HIV epidemic as a whole. Discrimination can also discourage individuals reluctant to access HIV testing, treatment, and care. Among the HIV discriminants is at the health care settings where people go for treatments and care. Discrimination in the health care setting is one of the top discriminants in the world. People can experience discrimination such as being refused medicine or access ... ... middle of paper ... ...estricted all HIV positive people from entering the country (Howard, 2009).
Many people are left to walk in shame because of the fact that people usually do little to educate themselves about the virus. Even with the awareness of how to protect your self against the virus there is still a stigma attached to people living with the disease. The stigma attached to the HIV/AIDS virus causes damage to society. On occasions, it causes even more damage than the virus itself. Because of stigmas, people are usually treated as though they are socially unequal to the people casting judgments upon them.
Furthermore, Mizock, Russinova, and Millner cite Shad et al. when stating that, “like acceptance, awareness of symptoms has been identified as an important contributor to symptom management” (98). However, if one is ashamed to admit their illness, they may also ignore their symptoms. As a result of this self-stigma, patients are unable to fully accept themselves and therefore unable to recover. Note that self-stigma was the result of public stigma to begin with, meaning that the general public’s misguided ideas about mental illness are harming those trying to recover, regardless of the public’s direct or indirect actions.
This paper will be analyzing the concept of HIV patients dealing with stigma in their community, precisely in sub-Saharan Africa (Uganda). Stigma is a complex concept that is associated with “immoral people” or people who are termed as unworthy of quality treatment by others. However, when working with HIV/AIDS patients’ stigma and discrimination becomes the behaviour used in the community to isolate these group of people. Therefore, discrimination refers to the wrongful way an individual is treated due to their HIV status or their perceived status and stigma is when an individual is humiliated and/or treated as a cast away. Furthermore, Mbonye et.
This article puts into perspective how those who are mentally ill lose their quality of life by becoming stigmatized by those surrounding them personally and in a broader sense. Their jobs, housing, health care, and affiliation with others is negatively impacted because of the stigma placed upon them because of their mental illness. This article continues to describe the stigmas that are placed upon the mentally ill by our Western culture. The authors state that mentally ill persons deal with being feared and excluded because of their mental state. They also deal with being viewed as irresponsible because of their mental diagnosis.
The stigmatizers cause negative attitudes which an individual directs inward as a form of coping, this in the end has an effect on their overall recovery (Vertilo & Gibson, 2014, p.267a). Not only does the stigma affect treatment but it also affects their lives in other ways. Vertilo and Gibson (2014) explain how “the label of mental illness discredits ones social identity by reducing the individual’s status and prevents the individual from obtaining jobs or housing and excludes many from aspects of social life” (p.266). The two most common stigmas perceive those with illnesses as dangerous and responsible for having said illness. Due to these assumptions, those facing illness tend to become socially withdrawn, have loss of productivity and lowered self-esteem.
Individuals with AIDS also experience a number of emotional problems because of the social stigmas attached to AIDS. For instance, a person having to be scared to let others know he or she is infected, and being unable to engage in intimate relations without infecting others. Further emotional problems can be caused with the continuous worry of death, which can inhibit a person’s normal functioning .People who have these issues develop a great deal of emotional problems because one feels that they do not fit into society. AIDS is not only a disease that affects an individual, but it also affects the larger society . This is so because of the financial needs to help fund programs and organizations to help stop the spread of AIDS and help those who suffer from AIDS.
Well, stigma is defined as: “a mark of disgrace associated with certain circumstances.” stigma is most notable for people going through mental health issues, like anxiety, depression and ADHD, among other disorders. The stigma associated with mental health is affecting societies and communities in negative ways and should be actively combated by governments, NGO’s, and people. However, this issue is controversial, as many skeptics claim that mental disorders do not exist. However, they have been proven wrong. Stigma is a barrier for treatment and is harmful to society, as well as being a sign of a toxic community.
These views lead to disagreements about the causes, diagnosis, and the treatment of the disorders. Many people with mental problems are discriminated against because of their mental disorder. Mental illness and stigma refers to the view of the person with mental illness as having undesirable traits. Stigma leads to negative behavior, stereotyping, and discriminatory behavior towards the person with mental health issues. This stigma causes the affected person to experience denial or shame of their condition.