In addition, many in the Middle East seem to believe that if Hussein is deposed the country will break into pieces, leading to more problems in the already troubled region. Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) Gulf War I The Iran-Iraq War permanently altered the course of Iraqi history. It strained Iraqi political and social life, and led to severe economic dislocations. Viewed from a historical perspective, the outbreak of hostilities in 1980 was, in part, just another phase of the ancient Persian-Arab conflict that had been fueled by twentieth-century border disputes. Many observers, however, believe that Saddam Hussein's decision to invade Iran was a personal miscalculation based on ambition and a sense of vulnerability.
The war between Iraq and Iran was a war between two rival states with different religious/fundamental views, ethnic backgrounds, historical ethnic and border tensions, and power-hungry national leadership who were striving for the position as the dominant Persian Gulf state (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)). This war is significant for several reasons: it the longest conventional war in the 20th century (lasting from 1980 to 1988), it was witness several unique and horrific tactics and it set the stage for Iraq’s eventual invasion of Kuwait (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)). The Iraq-Iran war is a prime example of two competing Nationalist/Fundamentalist states, and its repercussions have left long-lasting effects that are still felt today. Iraq/Iran tensions date back to the post-colonial era and include disputes over “Iraq claimed territories inhabited by Arabs (the Southwestern oil-producing province of Iran called Khouzestan), as well as Iraq's right over Shatt el-Arab (Arvandroud)” (Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)), a waterway that served as a shipping route for both nation’s oil exports. “This waterway is the confluence between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and forms the southern border between Iraq and Iran” (Dugdale-Pointon).
This led to a costly, eight-year war whose effects still have bearing on Iran’s current political and economic situation (BBC, Iran Profile, 2013). Iran’s aspirations for becoming the hegemonic power in the Arab World dominates its political, social, and economic policies while it continues to attempt to expand its area of influence. Current Events: There are several recent events that have had a noticeable impact on Iran and its relations with the rest of the world. One of the most noteworthy is the end of Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad’s term in office. Ahmadinejad is an Iranian hard-liner who strongly opposed western influence and culture.
If Iran opts to oppose American diplomatic engagement, then they become a destabilizing power in the Persian Gulf and Middle East. Either way, Iran’s stand on nuclear programs presents a direct threat for the American interests. International Relation Theories According to Realism school of thought, national issues and security concerns overrides ideological, moral and social issues. This theory argues that humans are by nature self centered (Walt 31). The realists argue that states are by nature aggressive and always occupied with security issues.
Transoxiana is the ancient name ... ... middle of paper ... ...y. The conflict lasted for eight years and ended in a stalemate, and involved the use of chemical weapons and ethnic violence against Iraqi Shia Arabs, who were accused of colluding with Shia Iran. The Shatt Al-Arab was an oil port that was fought over in the Iran-Iraq War. They fought over it to get the great wealth associated with it. The entire war was fought for control over the oil trade.
Costing close to a million lives, the outcome of the First Persian Gulf War from 1980 to 1988 were overwhelming economic and military losses for both the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Iraq. To elaborate further, the aftermath of the war resulted in an expansion of territory and a newfound hegemony over the region for Iraq. Despite these gains, the near economic collapse of the economy and the severe debt attributed to the eight-year war crippled the nation. Meanwhile, Iran had suffered similar consequences, only that their casualties exceeded those of Iraq’s. Bearing in mind that the aftermath of the war left both nations economically and socially enfeebled, why did Iran and Iraq engage in warfare in the first place?
Iraqi forces then gathered their forces on the border with Saudi Arabia, the second largest supplier of oil in the world. This in turn brought the military might of the United States into the conflict. There are several reasons why Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait. "After the 8 year war with Iran over territorial disputes and religious rivalries between the Iranian Shiites and Iraqi Sunni factions, Iraq had a massive debt to many Arab nations including Kuwait. "2 The rulers of these nations wanted some of their money back but Iraq thought they were ingrates and were ungrateful for defending the Arab emirs from the Iranian Islamic fundamentalism.
Without understanding certain cultural and political boundaries, the war could become even more devastating. To have no comprehension of this would result in destruction and turmoil among the frontline. In September 1980, a very destructive war with Iran was started by Saddam Hussein. This was a result of an invasion in Iran. This invasion spurred an eight year war.
This was only the spark that started war in Europe; there were long term causes that contributed to the war and were the origins. This answer will explain the causes focusing on how they contributed to World War One and what the important links are between them. The Alliances not only contributed to war breaking out; it made the war last longer and become on a much larger scale; major political disputes would inevitably cause a large conflict. The alliances caused suspicion, fear, and tension among nations. The two camps were the Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia) and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary).
Andrew Benfer Research Paper 4/10/14 Prof. Allison The Iranian Hostage crisis was one of the most significant events of American history. It caused many Americans to question their government and showed that even a superpower like America could easily be challenged. This paper will examine the events leading up to the hostage crisis, the crisis itself, the American people’s reaction to the crisis, America’s plan of action, how the crisis was concluded and the aftermath of the crisis the led to the Iraq invasion of Iran.. Tension between Iran and the U.S. grew from conflict over oil. British and American corporations had controlled the majority of Iran’s oil reserves almost since their inception.