Kozlowski, G. "A Modern Indian Mufti." Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and their Fatwas, A Casebook, Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1996. 242-249. Kugle, Scott.
1990, Muslims, Their Religious Beliefs and Practices Volume 1: The Formative Period, Routledge, London and New York. . Robinson B.A. 1 Mar 2000 (last update), Islam, Hp. Online.
Muhammad then spread Islam to the scattered tribes of Arabia by becoming the leader of Yathrib and using his wonderful leadership abilities to then grow his influence over virtually all of Arabia. Muhammad is known by Muslims to be the seal of the profits because no profits after Muhammad should be considered legitimate. Muhammad also left behind the Hadith or “tradition” which is a collection of writings compiled of reports of Muhammad’s actions as leader of Yathrib. These reports are used as a more specific code of ethics in day to day life and from these reports the 5 Pillars of Islam are derived (Smith 160). Although Islam shares many similarities to Judaism and Christianity it is often viewed in the US with hate derived from preconceived notions following the attack on September 11th 2001.
3. Abdelwahhab El-Affendi, Who Needs an Islamic State? (London: Grey Seal, 1991), p. 87. 4. Imam Ruhollah Khomeini, Islam and Revolution: Writings and Declarations of Imam Khomeini, trans.
Colonialism has obviously induced a sort of backfiring from Radical Islam, and it is for this reason that most Muslim Countries that have had a history of Colonialism have a stronger presence of Radical Islam. These countries include Algeria, Syria, and Egypt. There is a stronger lingering hostility toward ideas attributed to the West (liberalism and democracy) and Westernized classes because of their association with the former colonial overlords. (Price, ... ... middle of paper ... ...rn ideology. There is nothing in the Qur’an or Sharia that actually directly confirms that these three aspects of Islamic society are exactly as we in the West perceive.
Bennett, C. (2010) Studying Islam: the critical issues. London: Continuum Cox, J.L. (2010) An Introduction to the Phenomenology of Religion. London: Continuum Khan, A.H. (1978) ‘Muhammad as Object and Subject’. Studies in Religion, 7: 4, pp.
“The New World Order and the Tempo of Militant Islam.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. Volume 24, Issue 1 (1997. 5), 5-24. O'Brien, Robert, et al. Contesting Glboal Governance.
The gist of the argument is that the birth of secularism and the spread of its principles uplift and enshrine democracy, while the very fundamental nature of Islam, as a religion, undermines the democratic movements in Muslim countries all around the globe. Coming first to the article by Lewis, it can be seen that he tries to draw a line of distinction between Islam and liberal democracy. He shows his concern for the misuse of the ... ... middle of paper ... ...t has replaced the centuries old monarchal system of governance throughout the world. I do not mean to say that those who boast of having a democratic system in their countries should first look at their past, which is bleak all the way. The point is that the transformation of monarchy into th republic governance is only a recent phenomenon.
Islam is one those religions which has had different movements and branches. Those branches differ from one to another due to various causes. One reason is that followers of a specific branch interpret the Quran to a different meaning that may slightly change how those followers may act within this religion. Another cause that has a great impact on why those groups believe differently from the other groups who follow the same faith is the historical background of such an event that may happen in the past or the future that caused an alteration, or caused a separation to create a new sector within the religion. Shi’a and Sunni are the two largest branches of Islam.
It was, in fact, this universal sense of God that gave Islam a different outlook which broke with the earlier notions of tribal or regional gods who supposedly competed against one another in providing protection and prosperity to their respective followers. Islam freed God from the tribal and racial confinements of the past cultures. (Maududi, 1960) The greatest attraction of Islam was that people did not have to belong to a certain caste or ethnicity to be equally chosen of Allah, the Creator. Not tribal allegiance, but human commitment was required to reach the Divine Being. S... ... middle of paper ... ...rrode religious restrictions in matters of inter-religious marriages.