The origins of the Space Race can be found in Germany in the 1930s. During World War II, Nazi Germany was researching and building operational ballistic missiles and experimenting with liquid-fueled rockets. As early as 1942 and 1943, the rocket Aggregate-4 became the first vehicle to reach outer space and Germany began mass producing it as a ballistic missile. They called it Vergeltungswaff 2 which translates to Vengeance Weapon 2. It travelled at four thousand kilometers per hour and, because radar detection provided little warning, there was no defense against it.
Later, his work motivated future rocket engineers, and von Braun, along with his students, developed the infamous V-2 rocket, later used in World War II (Neal 17). With the knowledge gained from the research of Oberth and von Braun, the German military has built the V-1 and the V-2, which has been dubbed the “Vengeance Weapon” (Neal 19). During World War II, the American allies were closing in on the German stronghold, and Hitler was terrified, and he issued the manufacturing of notorious V-1 and V-2s. Von Braun and Oberth unknowingly started a new era in history, the series of technological advances, that would change the world... ... middle of paper ... ...TI was established, the Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence. Perhaps we will soon find the answer Deward, John and Nancy.
In the first phase of the Space Race, they focused on rocket system development. Ironically, the enemy of the United States in WW II (the Germans) was their key source in rocket development. During WWII, the pioneers of science were actually Germans. Wernher von Braun, a member of the Nazi Party, was the cause of many deaths-a credit to Hitler. He designed numerous explosive-tipped rockets, known as the V-2.
“The sense of a "race" was largely abandoned by both sides, further space exploration by both countries continued, but without the Cold War fervor over which society was the most technologically advanced” (Veve). After World War II the Soviet Union and the United States realized how important rocket research would be in the military. The cold war was a rivalry that led to a buildup of arms, both nations developed extensive nuclear weapons programs. There was fear in which the other would harbor over the world and the fear was in full force when space travel began. The United States and the Soviets made nuclear rockets to test there capability in traveling half way around the world, they were known as intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs.
NASA Human Space Flight. Retrieved March 14, 2003, from http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle/support/people/mewert.html#xml=http:// da spaceflight.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/texis.cgi/webinator/search/xtml.txt
Using the V-2 rocket technology that could reach the speed of nearly 3500mph, both sides rushed to find the brilliant scientists behind the rockets technology. The race to space was very important during this time because of the Cold War era and they used satellites to spy on one another. Both countries were strong military wise and it was an equal match but to prove who’s the strongest the race to space began. One thing that helped build a space rocket was a V-2 rocket built by the Germans during WWII. Throughout the years the V-2 rocket turned into the Saturn V rocket.
Retrieved from Chron: www.chron.com Stine, D. D. (2009, February 2). U.S.Civilian Space Policy Priorities : Reflections 50 Years After Sputnik. Retrieved from FAS: http://www.fas.org Thompson, M. (2011, April 9). Space Exploration: At What Cost? Retrieved from Discovery News.com: http://news.discovery.com Wallace, M. (2011, April 12).
(n.d.). NASAsolutions: NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center Technology Transfer Program. Retrieved July 6, 2011, from http://techtran.msfc.nasa.gov/at_home.html Shipman, H. L. (1989). Humans in space: 21st century frontiers. New York: Plenum Press.
During the 1960s, the Soviet Union and the U.S. were in a race to be the first to land on the moon. In 1969, the United States successf... ... middle of paper ... ...erse. Works Cited: (1)Meinzer, Dr. Carl. “Space Travel: A Waste of Our Money or a Necessary Investment in Our Future?” AMSAT-DL Journal, Nr. 1/19 March/May 1992. http://www.amsat-dl.org/space.htm (2)Bush, George W. “President Bush Announces New Vision for Space Exploration Program.” Jan 2004. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2004/01/20040114-3.htm (3)“Space Travel Increases Some Health Risks” Science @ NASA: Interim Mir Science Results Symposium.