<http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/> (Dec. 4, 2000) McAleer, Neil. The Omni Space Almanac. New York: Scripps Howard Company, 1987 Murray, Charles and Catherine Cox. Apollo the Race to the Moon. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989 National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
In the rest of his speech he challenged the Nation’s smartest minds to build a rocket capable of lifting a man to the Moon and returning him safely to the earth. He also stressed that it would finally put America’s space program in front of the Soviets. The Russian’s had beat America not only to put a satellite in space, but a man too. Yuri Gagarin had orbited the earth just weeks before American astronaut Alan Shepard was sche... ... middle of paper ... ...A continues to look in to the future, building ever more complicated rockets and space vehicles, it is easy to see that the missions to come hold many new accomplishments and discoveries. Works Cited Aldrin, Buzz, and Ken Abraham.
“The sense of a "race" was largely abandoned by both sides, further space exploration by both countries continued, but without the Cold War fervor over which society was the most technologically advanced” (Veve). After World War II the Soviet Union and the United States realized how important rocket research would be in the military. The cold war was a rivalry that led to a buildup of arms, both nations developed extensive nuclear weapons programs. There was fear in which the other would harbor over the world and the fear was in full force when space travel began. The United States and the Soviets made nuclear rockets to test there capability in traveling half way around the world, they were known as intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs.
Thesis: The race into space changed the course of history; the scientific exploration united nations and captivated the world. “Vergeltungswaffe zwei” was the designation given to Adolf Hitler’s principal long-range warhead. Long before the Americans and Soviets initiated their pursuit of space, the Germans had ambitions of their own. The “German Army Ordnance,” in fact, toiled tirelessly constructing rocket-like missiles before the Second World War. Hitler and the Nazis believed that the capability to attack strategic foreign objectives in a concise period of time would cripple their counterparts and ordain the Germans unstoppable (“Space Race Exhibition” 1).
To America, it was a time of fear. The Space Race had started and Russia was in the lead. Immediately, America began to launch missiles and fire rockets, not only to catch up, but to stay in the lead. When Russia launched its sensational satellite, the Cold War was basically at its peak. The US and the USSR were undoubtedly the most powerful countries after World War II.
The Space Race is remarkably similar to that of the arms race because of the parallel between the creation of the atomic bomb and the goal of reaching the moon. The United States’ bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki effectively established its place as the technologically superior nation; however, major milestones in space achieved early by the Soviets damaged America’s reputation. In 1957, Soviet scientists shocked the world by successfully launching the Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, beyond the Kármán Line (the boundary of space). This amazing breakthrough “rattled American self-confidence. It cast doubts on America’s vaunted scientific superiority and raised some sobering military questions.” This blow to national pride along with the fear that the Soviets could potentially launch ICBMs from space led to “Rocket fever”.
Using the V-2 rocket technology that could reach the speed of nearly 3500mph, both sides rushed to find the brilliant scientists behind the rockets technology. The race to space was very important during this time because of the Cold War era and they used satellites to spy on one another. Both countries were strong military wise and it was an equal match but to prove who’s the strongest the race to space began. One thing that helped build a space rocket was a V-2 rocket built by the Germans during WWII. Throughout the years the V-2 rocket turned into the Saturn V rocket.
They were footsteps that would be talked about for centuries bringing information that would influence us for decades. America's Race for the Moon Following the Atomic Bomb of World War II, the United States was a recognized "Superpower," the technological king of advancement. Through our new Elvis albums and poodle skirts, we were enjoying the satisfaction of being the "winning team." However, in 1957, our pride was pierced when news hit that Russia had successfully launched "Sputnik," the first artificial satellite to circle the earth. As President Kennedy said, "We are behind and will be for a period in the future" (Sullivan 142).
New York: Orion Books, 1989. Newton, David. US and Soviet Space Programs: a Comparison. New York: Franklin Watts, 1988. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA).