The Soviet Union Of Ussr

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After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 Gorbachev was quickly taken out of power and replaced by Boris Yeltsin. After Yeltsin left office in 1999 he was replaced by the United Russia party leader Vladimir Putin from 2000-2008. Putin then went on to become president Dmitry Medvedev’s prime minister while he was in power from 2008-2012. In 2012 the two switched positions making Putin the president and Medvedev his prime minister. Despite the exchanges in power between 1991 and 2016 the foreign policy objectives have not differed in many aspects. According to The Concept of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation that was adopted in 2013 it is clear that foreign policy objectives have significantly changed from the Gorbachev era. The main objective since the collapse of the USSR has been to establish a multi-polar, a world in which there are multiple countries with significant power, in which Russia is a main player. The main way in which Russia has planned to establish this power is to prevent the spread of NATO, a collective security alliance that was established specifically to deter the Soviet Union from military attack in the Cold War. Not only has the Russian Federation openly denounced the expansion of NATO into Eastern Europe, but they have also intervened militarily to prevent the expansion. As well as trying to prevent extensive western influence in Eastern Europe, Russia has also made it a foreign policy objective to form alliances with previous Soviet States. (CITATION: CONCEPT) The formation of the Eurasian Economic Union in 1995 was an essential step in trying to reassert Russia into Eastern European countries as well as formulate relationships with some North Asian countries. The result of the treaty was... ... middle of paper ... ...ored by the politicians. This lack of agreement within the Russian government laid grounds for NATO to continue to expand, knowing that without a consensus in Russia NATO would be able to move freely with just the repercussions of disapproving rhetoric. (CITATION: NATO Expansion) This NATO ideology was brought into question when in 2014 Putin called for a right to protect Russian descendants living in Ukraine from a civil war that many argue sparked from the conversation of the possibility of Ukraine being included in NATO. Russian forces quickly moved in and annexed Crimea, a common port location in Ukraine, that is heavily populated with citizens that identify themselves as Russian. Although this plan was successful, as of now, in blocking Ukraine to join NATO, the implications that arose from this policy decision were and still are detrimental. (CITATION: Ukraine)
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