THE DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF THE BRAIN The brain is divided into three main sections. The area at the front of the brain is the largest. Most of it is known as the cerebrum. It controls all of the movements that you have to think about, thought and memory.
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Different parts of it have many different procedures, such as analyzing complicated sensory information, regulating fine movements, and directing many bodily functions. The outer part of the cerebrum is the cerebral cortex, which is crumpled and wrinkly in order to increase the surface area to hold a large number of neurons called “grey matter.” Most neuron networks are in the cerebral cortex. The inner part of the cerebrum consists of axons insulated with white fatty myelin called “white matter.” The cerebrum is split into the right and left cerebral hemispheres, which are connected by nerve fibers. Each hemisphere is separated into four parts, the frontal lobe, the temporal lobe, the parietal lobe, and the occipital lobe. Under the cerebrum, at the top of the brain stem, are the thalamus, which receives nerve impulses from parts of the nervous system and sends them to the right places of the cerebral cortex, and the striatum, which gets nerve inputs from the cerebrum and sends impulses back.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomic_nervous_system) Since the brain and the nervous systems are in need of each other to perform their functions it is important to look at the brain and all of it 's features. The brain is the control center that process the majority of all the bodies functions. The spinal cord is responsible for certain simple muscle reflexes but the brain process both conscious and unconscious. The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain. It contains all the tools that are responsible the majority of the brains functions.
One part of your forebrain is your cerebrum, or cortex, which is the largest part of the human brain. Cerebrum, or cortex, is broken up into four main parts including the temporal lobe, the frontal lobe, the occipital lobe and lastly the parietal lobe. First, I will discuss the frontal lobes. According to the America Health Assistance Foundation, the frontal lobe helps control skilled muscle movements, mood, planning for the future, setting goals and judging priorities. It is broken down into three different parts.
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The diencephalon has four major parts: epithalamus, thalamus, hypothalamus, and subthalamus. The thalamus is in charge of “relaying the cerebral cortex information received from diverse brain regions...Axons from every sensory system (except olfaction) synapse here as the last relay site before the information reaches the cerebral cortex” (Sci.uidaho, n.d., para. 2,3). The thalamus surrounds the third ventricle, it allows many sensations to be perceived (Sugerman, 2008, 283).
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The human brain may be considered one of the most complex and remarkable machines in the entire world. The brain has amazing characteristics and its functioning would not be possible without an intricate network of neurons. Neurons are the nerve cells that transfer information within the body. They are the fundamental units of the nervous system and they have a specialized structure that allows them to use pulses of electrical current to receive, transmit, and regulate the flow of information within the body. By communicating through long-distance electrical signals or short-distance chemical signals, just a few connected neurons can perform highly complex tasks such as transmitting and processing sensory information, cognition, controlling heart rate, recording memories, or coordinating hand and eye movement.