In Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Jem and Scout grow up learning how people in Maycomb treat one another. In a large portion of the novel, characters of the rich and the poor are involved in Tom Robinson’s case. Some characters are mockingbirds (someone or something that only does good), but nobody was able to see how they could be. Maycomb is infected with racism and prejudice affecting how people view one another including the mockingbirds and the innocent: Mr. Dolphus Raymond, Mayella Ewell, and Walter Cunningham. Maycomb’s citizens, contaminated with racial prejudice prevents them from truly understanding and accepting Mr. Dolphus Raymond.
The entire town turns against them saying that Atticus is a “nigger-lover.” Even Atticus’ family turned against them, which really hurts Scout, especially when her cousin Francis says “I guess it ain’t your fault if Uncle Atticus is a nigger-lover besides, but I’m here to tell you it certainly does mortify the rest of the family-” (Harper 91). Racism is a major theme in this story along with growing up. Throughout the story the reader sees how Scout and Jem are afraid of Boo Radley because they think he is a monster and try to tease him. Later in the novel they are no longer afraid of him and no longer interested in teasing him. Another example of their maturity is how they view people.
He did not know until then that there were white women who would take a man with a black skin. He stayed sick for two years (...) He was in the north now, in Chicago and then Detroit” (Faulkner 225). Joe had to run to escape the racism of the South, mainly because of the judgment coming from society that disagrees with the relationship of Joe and Miss Burden. An apparent, black man involved in a sexual relationship with a white woman is frowned upon within the South, which causes Joe to flee. This tires Joe, forces him to depression, and adds insult to injury in his harsh situation; mostly caused by the racial prejudices found within the South.
"I guess it ain 't you fault if Uncle Atticus is a nigger-lover besides, but I 'm here to tell you it certainly does mortify the rest of the family - he 's ruinin ' the family, that 's what he 's doin '" (110). Francis Hancock feels ashamed of Atticus 's actions and feels it is ruining the Finch family 's image with the agreement of other family members such as Alexandra. Atticus is a man who believes in the justice system, believes everyone is equal, and believes that faith would take a turn to help him get the negros freed. 2. During the trial period, Mr. Gilmer (the rival) shows no sense of decency towards Tom whereas, Atticus 's behavior towards Mayella was kind, he treated her with respect by addressing her as Miss.
Shorty is the young black boy who gets beat by the white people and jokes about it. Richard hates Shorty because he accepts what Richard finds so disgusting. Richard goes over in his mind the different choices he can make to deal with the feelings he has. Richard does not want to “give in” and be a slave to the white people. He would never give in and become a slave because he has hated that idea since day one.
The childhood innocence with which Scout and Jem begin the novel is immediately threatened by numerous incidents that expose the evil side of the human nature, most notably the guilty verdict in Tom Robinson’s trial and the vengefulness of Bob Ewell. As the novel progresses, Scout and Jem struggle to maintain faith in the human capacity for good in light of these recurring instances of human evil. In order to highlight their transition from innocence to experience, Lee skillfully uses motifs such as hatred, discrimination, and ignorance to exemplify that innocent people such as Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are not prepared for the evil that they encounter, and as a result, they are destroyed. The realization that there is true evil within their society shakes Jem, and in turn he loses his faith in humanity and society as a whole. He once held a str... ... middle of paper ... ...ympathetically is the culmination of her novel-long development as a character and of “To Kill a Mockingbird’s” moral outlook as a whole.
You say good afternoon Mrs. Dubose.” Mrs. Dubose is being rude to Scout just because Scout says hey to her. This is injustice because Scout has never done anything to her except for being friendly while walking by. Scout though does not know that Mrs. Dubose is dying and trying to not take morphine. In the book Atticus is defending an African American in court and no one likes that including Mrs. Dubose. Mrs. Dubose shouts rude comments to Scout and Jem about Atticus, “Your father’s no better than the niggers and trash he works for.” This should not have been said because Atticus is trying to be a good person.
Then, in previous condition, the main character has an identification problem and doesn’t fit in any category. He despises black people for living in the same conditions as their parents and blames them for not wanting progress. He tried to escape this life by running away from his mother at seventeen, but encountered problems in the outside world, because of the hatred of white people towards black people. As a result, he couldn’t fit in with white people or black people. Furthermore, in Sonny’s Blues, the main character, Sonny feels misunderstood by the only family he has,
Furthermore the white townspeople are prejudice against Tom Robinson. They see that he is black and they automatically assume he is guilty. They prejudge him and do not even care about the evidence Atticus presents. They also do not take into account Tom's testimony; they have already made up their minds on the verdict. Scout sees how Tom's guiltiness affects Jem; Jem is in tears and he cannot believe that this happened.
Characters like Tom Robinson are subjected to the community’s hate and arrogance and end up in situations with little or no control of their fate. The central theme, racism, in To Kill a Mockingbird shows that African Americans were not accepted as equals in Maycomb County, the geographical location the story occurs, children like Jem and Scout Finch who were left perplexed by inequality and prejudice, and the citizens of the county who accepted racism and did nothing to better the situation for African Americans. Tom Robinson had no control over his life when he was being accused of raping a white girl due to African Americans being at the bottom of the social hierarchy in Maycomb County. “As you grow older, you’ll see white men cheat black men every day of your life,” (Lee 295.) African Americans will be doomed in certain situations due to a lack of community background, and they will always find themselves losing games, court cases, or whatever they are competing against a white man in.