The Sociology Of Deviance By Erikson And Heckert

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In the study of Sociology of Deviance, sociologists develop theories and perspective in explaining the account for deviant and studying of how the society reacts. It is an interesting field to study because the difference and changes of deviance and social norms have a significant impact on individuals and groups. In this essay, I will examine varies definitions and perspective of Erikson and Heckerts respectively in respect to the following concepts: deviance serves certain functions for society, the typology of positive and negative deviance and the "middle class norms", and the labelling perspective on deviance. To being with, Erikson claims that deviance as functional. To this reason, it is believed that Erikson derives his viewpoint…show more content…
First of all, “communities” can be understood as any organizations in the society, from small groups (family) to large groups (culture), that the members of the group share a lose-knitted relationship and a sense of belonging. Under this system, “boundary maintenance” serves as a sense of distinction of activity from group members to others within a large environment, it is a way to create social space by differencing between “we” and ‘they” mentality. It is possible to say that each of us create our own moral and cultural identity within communities through the influence of mass media, law enforcement, and other agencies by knowing deviant behaviours and its consequences. Therefore, boundary maintenance functions as social solidarity, which refers to the idea of division of labour and each role has its own function to the society, to let us determine the morally right behaviour lay. Next, the idea of “commitment ceremonies” marks the formal stage of the nature of deviancy, where deviant is being putted in a highly dramatic setting, such as prisoner. In today’s society, this formality ritual definitely results in destructive effects on the

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