The Social Of Social Control Theory

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Social Control Theory The social control theory is used as an explanation for how an individual’s behavior conforms to, that which is generally expected within society. The purpose of this theory is people’s relationships, commitments, values, norms, and beliefs can and will encourage them to not break the law. With the social control theory, there is the underlying view of human nature that includes but is not limited to free will, which then gives offenders the right to choose between right and wrong and puts responsibility of their actions in their hands. When people commit crimes they more than likely share a value of belief that tells them they are doing something that is not acceptable to the general public. Leading us to the point that the social control theory focuses on how the absences of close relationships with conventional others can free individuals from social constraints, thus enabling them to engage in delinquency (Kempf-Leonard, 2012). Labeling Theory The labeling theory is based off of the view that people will become criminals when labeled as such and when they accept that label as their personal identity. The labeling theory can be used to explain why a particular behavior is considered to be negatively deviant to some people, groups, and cultures, but other groups of people can view that same behavior as positively deviant to others. A notorious example of this type of behavior would be the fictional vigilante Robin Hood and Batman. Batman and Robin Hood are labeled in different ways depending on the public’s reactions to escapades. While some people can view Batman/Robin Hood’s behavior as criminal behavior and other people will label him as a hero. These types of different reactions are based on... ... middle of paper ... ...f crime and deviance has, for the most part been focused on the factors that produce it, and on the essential differences between the “normal” and “deviant”. The labeling theory has brought a fresh new perspective to this point of view. Labeling theorists are uninterested in the causes of the crime, and are more focused on the reactions to the crime. These reactions to the crime, or labels occur in processes at different levels- individual, institutions, and state or national rulemaking- and how the labeled people respond to their labels (Paternoster, R, 2013)”. Thus enabling the field of criminal justice to see how the cause and effect of labeling affects the labeled individuals. To me labeling someone is not our job, we are not here to judge and if we are labeling someone they are probably labeling us. And who are we as people to label one another, just a thought.
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