There now are several crops such as corn, soybeans, and cotton that have a Bacillus Thuringiensis’ gene. Genetically modified foods also have two major traits: pesticide production and herbicide resistance. Pesticide production keeps farmers and environmentalists from having to worry about the agonizing pain of lost crops and a financial dwelling. This is because pesticides are used on m... ... middle of paper ... ...J.T.. 2003. Public Perceptions of Genetically Modified Foods: A National Study of American Knowledge and Opinion.
The debate continues to grow as to whether these genetically altered foodstuffs are the answer to hunger in the coming years, or whether we are simply children playing with something that we do not have the capacity to understand. One of the biggest debates in the GMO issue is whether producers need to use labeling of foods that contain GMOs, or whether they should be treated as any other natural food source. This research will support the position that current regulatory practices concerning GMO crops are inadequate and that stricter labeling laws for GMOs needs to be enforced. Before genetic engineering, plants were bred using standards cross-pollination techniques to produce improved strains. This method was time consuming, taking many generations to perfect.
Modern biotechnology can select a sequence of DNA for a specific genetic trait from a donor organism and transfer the sequence to the recipient organism so it expresses the desired trait. Genetic modification has become in... ... middle of paper ... ...edients. The public should research the products they consume and research GM products before ingesting them. Works Cited Haslberger, Alexander. Modern food biotechnology, human health and development: an Evidence-based study.
In order to understand the controversy of genetically engineered crops one must understand what genetic engineering or genetic modification is: “GMO are organisms that are generated by combining genes of different species using recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology. Resulting organisms are then said to be transgenic, genetically engineered or genetically modified (GM). This group of organisms includes... plants.” (Celec et al., 2005) The genetic modification of crops and plants was created so that crops could, “... protect themselves against insects and disease, to feed and vaccinate people at the same time, to flourish in poor soil and drought, or to improve the quantity and bioavailability of individual nutrients.” (Roberts, Struble, McCullum-Gomez, Wilkins, 2006). These benefits may seem to outweigh the risks and in reality they do, however this does not mean the consumer should not be notified of the risks they are taking. The hallmark of our free society demands that the consumer be able to choose whether or not they want to eat something that may have health risks product labeling that identifies GMO ingredients allows for consumers to choose a particular product while ensuring that the producer feel more at ease with the way they disclose information and promote their product.
A huge amount of scientists and doctors have concerns about GMO and the health threats they pose. The American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM) did animal tests and reports that GMO dangers may include infertility, immune system disorders, accelerated aging, GI system changes, insulin regulation problems, and allergies. GM foods that are widely known are pineapples, strawberries and potatoes. GM foods are supposed to last longer, have more nutrients, taste better and more crops are harvested because the amount of food increases. There are some effects GM crops may have on the environment.
In terms of food, genetic engineering simply means modification of crops in a lab to produce desired traits such as resistance to herbicides and improved nutritional content (PRWeb). These changes along with evolutionary changes, have resulted in common food species that are now genetically different than their ancestors (National Research Council, 23). Since genetic modification of food is a pretty new technique and is potentially harmful to the human body, it would be better for people to avoid them and choose organic foods over the genetically modified. Genetic Engineering, along with evolutionary changes, has resulted in common food species that carry the potential for introducing unintended compositional changes that may have adverse effect on human health (National Research Council, 17). Digestive malfunctioning, increased risk of infertility, increased risk of developing arthritis, inflammation and lymphoma are only some of their negative side effects (PRWeb).
Are genetically modified foods a step in the right direction? Many people automatically retort with a resounding “No!” when asked this question, believing that these newfangled foods are unnatural and therefore, unsafe. They cringe at the thought of the so-called “frankenfoods” that are packed with chemicals and mutated DNA. However, genetically engineered foods are quite the opposite. Bio-engineering is used to make foods more nutritious by combining the best aspects of each individual plant.
Genetically modified foods: Harmful or helpful? ProQuest. Retrieved April 2, 2012, from http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php Windley,S. (2008). Genetically Modified Foods.