Voltaire tries to tell us that women at that time period were vulnerable. Because of that, Cunegonde is blinded by the real situation of women. In Cunegonde's life she has only experienced rape and being sold so, it’s highly unlikely that her perspective of women being raped will change. Women probably felt offended because Cunegonde is basically saying how it’s better to be raped more than once in order for you to be virtuous. Besides women, some men probably felt responsible for how women were treated and all of this happened was due to men feeling superior to women.
Since black women were suggested to be whores and sexual immoral, their cries of rape went unheard because they lack legitimacy in a society that believed men were provoked to acted in a natural way. Davis believes that the creation of the black rapist was used as a scapegoat in order to veil the true problem of black women being sexually assaulted by white men. A historical feature of racism is that white men, especially those with money and authority, possess an indisputable right to access a Black woman’s body. Davis also stated that the institution of lynching complimented by the rape of Black women became and essential ingredient of postwar strategy of racism. Lynching and the labeling of black men being rapist and raping black women for being promiscuous, both black men and women were able to be kept in check.
In relation to rape, feminist criminologists argue that sexual assault is a result of a history of male control and female passivity, making it more acceptable for men to control women sexually (Ward, 1995). The idea of rape culture stems from this feminist criminology perspective about male domination (Chasteen, 2001). It is how society thinks about sexual assault, and has the effect of normalizing or denying sexual assault when it occurs, or placing blame on the victim, rather than the offender, for the crime (Duca, 2015). Attitudes, norms, beliefs, and historical inequality are all part of rape culture (Ward, 1995), including everyday practices that may seem harmless. Fairytales are an example of how some attitudes towards women are reinforced.
Rape is an experience which shakes the foundations of the lives of the victims. For many its effect is long term, impairing their capacity for personal relationships, altering their behaviour and values and generating fear, Temkin (1986:17). Rape is an extremely controversial issue and this notion is supported based on the fact that basic definitions and explanations of rape usually directly correlate with a state's lawful definition of rape. This proves problematic as many people's explanations and definitions of rape are quite different to that of the law. Social science theorists argue that rape is a learned action with which society plays a crucial role, Ellis (1989).
Introduction In this paper, I argue that while sexual violence is arguably the monopoly of men, it is culturally cultivated rather than biologically determined. Consistent with the concept of Hegemonic Masculinity which theorises male domination of other males and subordination of females (Connell, 2005), I assert that rape is particularly rampant in societies where sexual violence is an effective means of attaining this status quo. Thus when rape is institutionalised in the context of war where masculinity is measured by the ability and willingness to assert violence upon the enemy, rape becomes rampant because it is not only condoned but authorised (Price, 2001). I then debunk the claims of biological determinism that men are inherently predisposed to rape in order to ensure reproductive continuity (Knauft et.al, 1991) by highlighting that victims of non-consensual sexual penetration are often males, children and post-menopausal women through whom reproduction cannot occur. Thus, rape does not demonstrate biological propensity but rather societal pursuit of male dominance.
The strategic purpose of rape exhibits the militaristic masculinity of the perpetrator and subsequently feminizes the victim by physically controlling their body. Additionally, women's roles as central to constructing national borders and preserving or denying identities exposes the fact that the more patriarchal a system is, the more so is its vulnerability to an enemy attack exploiting such gendered roles. However, in times of war, these ideals are reinforced as women's bodies become the symbolic terrain of male competition whilst qualities of power and violence associated with hegemonic masculinity construct and define male gendered roles and behaviours.
Prostitution is also referred to as a form of human trafficking, which permits the market demand for sex to the consumers’ satisfaction. It also promotes inequality of gender and racial discrimination. Finally, there will be an explanation why prostitution is considered as a form of violence that is willfully blind to the source of its supply. SHOULD PROSTITUTION BE LEGALIZED OR NOT Introduction According to Post (2011), legalized prostitution cannot exist in conjunction with the real notion of equality for women. The notion that women is to made accessible in order to satisfy the sexual needs of men only supports structural inequality of gender, class, and race.
As defined by MacKinnon, pornography does indeed cause harm to the women. In her argument, MacKinnon successfully demonstrates how pornography displays male supremacy over women, and how women are mere sex-objects. For the purpose of this paper I will further elaborate on MacKinnon’s argument of pornography depicting women as simply sexual objects and also displaying women as being sub-human to men, almost slave-like. Lastly, I will discuss how pornography lacks literary, artistic, political, and scientific value. First, it is obvious that pornography displays male supremacy.
Men are dominant over women, men are regarded as inferior to women, and women occupy a marginal status in our patriarchal culture. This culture, in the feminist view, fosters rape by its ideas that relate to women being secondary to men. Our cultural values do not necessarily encourage rape; they just provide the raw material some men need to justify inferior behavior and exploitive attitudes towards
The laws included have been specifically listed to support the author’s point of view toward women’s rights. The article lists and argues the effects of the experiences of the victims, which is a plus because I will build up these experiences to argue in my inquiry paper that marital rape exists and brings only negative experiences. Furthermore, in a marriage both parties have to consent in having sexual intercourse not just one is allowed to decide for the other. With that said the author then includes equality between men and women. It talks about women’s right not being so equally balanced to men 's rights, which is why men are exempt to be prosecuted for raping their wives.