This paper will discuss the effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) or known as Second Hand Smoke (SHM) among children. In addition, it will focuses on the how ETS becomes a problem for Children in American household as well as in other well developed nations. It will describe the effects that has among children living in contaminated environment by Second Hand Smoke. One of the health effects can be Asthma, which is provoked by their parents who smoke in their vicinity. Furthermore, there will be a discussion where as a public health practitioner trying to improve the health of these children and to educate their parents to lessen their cigarette consumption near children.
Introduction Today one of our biggest challenges as public health professionals is tobacco use which is a leading cause of deaths that be prevented with public health campaign intervention programs. According to the American Lung Association (2010), 6.4 million current child smokers will die a premature death from a smoking-related disease. The campaign is working to give teenagers information on understanding the health risks associated with smoking and long-term health risk when they become adults. By using the support of different models on behavior following we can gain a better understanding on how and why adolescents respond the way they do to smoking. It is important that a campaign on tobacco and nicotine emphasizes awareness and knowledge use to educate this target audiences in the beginning years of their lives.
Therefore, preventing and discontinuing adolescent tobacco use is a vital task for nurses to take on in order to improve the health of our nation. This research paper will discuss the impact of tobacco use on the nation, manifestation of tobacco use, complications of tobacco use, and adolescent and young adult education and prevention of tobacco use. The Impact of Tobacco Use on the Nation According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Office of Adolescent Health (2013), “More deaths are caused each year by tobacco use than by all deaths from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), illegal drug use, alcohol, motor vehicle injuries,... ... middle of paper ... ...tobacco use. The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 32(2), 112–116 National Cancer Institute. (2011, January 12).
Passive smoking causes a reduction in lung function and increased severity in the symptoms of asthma in children, and is a risk factor for new cases of asthma in children. Passive smoking is also associated with middle ear infection in children as well as possible cardiovascular impairment and behavioural problems. Infants of parents who smoke are more likely to be admitted to hospital for bronchitis and pneumonia in the first year of life. More than 17,000 children under the age of five are admitted to hospital every year because of the effects of passive smoking. Passive smoking during childhood predisposes children to developing chronic obstructive airway disease and cancer as adults.
Lorreta explained the stages, which was made to reduce the risk of tobacco, were followed by some countries and prevented by others (pg. 146). 30 percent of American’s death was related with smoking (pg. 134).Tobacco’s ads in some countries encourage children to smoke without showing the risk of smoking (pg. 135).
This campaign has been ran for over 10 years to grab the attention and spread the awareness of the hazards of smoking to the general public. Although this campaign was launched, but the smoking rate still rising. Then, the health ministry has launched ‘Tak Nak’ media campaigns towards both smokers and non-smokers from 2004 until 2010. The ‘Tak Nak’ media campaigns has raised the awareness of the effects of smoking and stop people from smoking or starting to smoke through media such as radio, TV (advertising) and outdoor included notice boards and banner. In addition, the regulations of posting gruesome photos on cigarettes packs also set by the governments in 2009 to encourage smokers to quit smoking.
Approximately 42 million (18.1% of population) people smoke in the United States (CDC(a), 2014). Many public policies and initiatives have been launched to decrease the prevalence of smoking due to the harmful nature cigarette consumption has on overall health. Workplace smoking bans have been implemented over the past few decades to decrease cigarette consumption and to decrease secondhand smoke exposure to nonsmokers. These policies are implemented to increase worker health and productivity, and to save money for the firm through decreased healthcare costs. The main objective of this paper is to estimate the effect of workplace smoking bans on daily cigarette consumption.
Furthermore, “90 % of new smokers are children and teenagers” (Newman). Because of low tax of cigarette pack there would be an increase of new smoker. Increasing tax rate of cigarette per pack will help smokers stay away from deadly diseases. Another solution for preventing smoking is to ban smoking at places like schools, colleges and indoor spaces and also ban adjectives like “mild” and “light”. Not to mention, researchers found out “Colleges that have chosen to be smoke free: 43” (By the Numbers: Smoking Bans).
Tobacco has over 4,000 chemicals, including some that are poisonous and some that cause cancer (“Smoking”).Smokers tend to die 13 or 14 years earlier than those who don’t smoke (“11…”). Women who smoke during pregnancy subject their baby to the dangers of being miscarried, being born prematurely, dying during infancy, and mental and physical developmental issues. The use of tobac... ... middle of paper ... ...se have used televisions, radios, posters, and other outlets in hopes of reducing smoking among not only teens, but smokers of all ages (“Youth…”). The CDC launched Tips, the first paid national educational campaign about tobacco in March of 2012. Tips launched a campaign this year about the severity of the effects of smoking.
Furthermore almost 80,000 people died in England in 2011 as a result of smoking related issues and 9,500 admissions of children died due to being second hand smokers (WHO, 2005). This essay focuses on definition of smoking, the aim is to underline the relationship between smoking and the determinants of health and then, the size, prevalence, and morbidity trend of smoking will be explored. Furthermore, some public health policies introduced to confront the issues around smoking will be investigated and finally, the roles of nurses will identify health needs the public so as to promote good health and their wellbeing. Encyclopaedia of Children’s (2013) stated that smoking is a form of inhalation of smoking from different forms of tobacco which include cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. Cancer Research (2012) and the World Health Organisation (2013) have confirmed that most tobacco products contain very high level of nicotine which can have additive effect and are made from tobacco leaf which are s... ... middle of paper ... ...ife.