The Smoke Free Legislation of the UK

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The 1997 Declaration of the Environment Leaders of the Group of Eight countries on Children’s Environmental Health. “We affirm that environmental tobacco smoke is a significant public health risk to young children and that parents need to know about the risks of smoking in the home around their young children. We agree to co-operate on education and public awareness efforts aimed at reducing children’s exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.” Active smoking and disease relationship was first studied as case-control studies in Germany during 1939 and 1943which revealed a strong association between active smoking and lung cancer [1]. After that large number of studies were conducted which established relationship of tobacco smoke with diseases resulting increased morbidity and mortality. Research was also expanded to passive smoking and its impact on traits of human health. This novel evidence clearly shows that passive smoking may have a substantive role in the development of chronic diseases [11]. Despite the recent measures adopted in different countries to eliminate indoor smoking, 700 million children globally are still exposed to environmental tobacco smoke [12] and WHO established that about half of the world’s children is threatened by exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. Many studies are conducted not only to investigate association of passive smoking by children due to parental smoking with chronic diseases incidences and prevalence in children but also effect of public health methods as curative approach. In order to gain more information about this issue two studies were reviewed thoroughly. One study was conducted by Hovell (2000) to study the effect of counselling mothers on their children’s exposure to envir... ... middle of paper ... ...e adult smoking prevalence to 18.5% or less by 2015 and to reduce smoking among 15 year-olds to 12% or less by 2015. Government introduced different control measure for smoking. The smoke free legislation of the UK introduced in 2007, prohibited smoking in enclosed public places, work places and work vehicles. Department of Health launched a mass media awareness campaign in 2003 regarding risks of smoking around children and evaluation of campaign discovered that UK population awareness increased from 28% to 50% after the campaign. The Department for Education introduced policy that premises for children up to five years requires no smoking policy and also prevent smoking indoors and in outside play areas where children are present or about to be present. These all are public health strategies in UK introduced to save children from disinclination passive smoking.
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