The Skeletal System: The Key Functions Of The Skeletal System

explanatory Essay
785 words
785 words

The skeletal system is composed of many bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons. The key functions of the skeletal system are to supply a supportive frame for the body, to shield the internal organs such as the heart and lungs. Providing attachment points for muscles is also another function as this enables the parts of the animal to have good locomotion, the long bones produce bone marrow. However, for this report, I will be concentrating more on the joints of the canine skeletal system. The joints are the articular exteriors at the end of the bones, they are shielded by a coating of cartilage. There are three main types of joints within the canine skeletal system they consist of the fibrous joints, these do not allow any movement …show more content…

Hip Dysplasia is a genetic attribute which is affected by environmental factors such as excessive growth, exercise, the dog’s weight and the dog’s nutrition intake. This chronic disease often arises while the dog is still young and physically underdeveloped around the five-month mark the symptoms will appear and it will deteriorate as they grow. This abnormality can eventually cause lameness and agonizing arthritis or even loss of function of the hip joint altogether. The larger breeds of dog such as Great Danes, Saint Bernards, Labrador Retriever and German Shepards are most likely to hold this genetic …show more content…

These consist of procedures such as (TPO) Triple Pelvic Osteotomy this is used for pups that are under two years of age and they don’t have any arthritic joints, this surgery repositions the acetabular socket, so it has a stronger fit for the head of the femur. Another surgical procedure given is (FHO) Femoral Head Ostectomy this procedure is used for petite dogs under 50lb, the head of the femur is completely detached, the area is packed with tissue to produce an artificial joint. A hip replacement is also another optional surgery the acetabulum and head of femur are both detached and replaced. Lastly the Dorsal Acetabular Rim Arthroplasty this operation consists of making a deeper socket for the femur to be supported by building up the acetabular rim with the bones from various parts of the

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the skeletal system is composed of many bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons.
  • Explains hip dysplasia in canines is a common skeletal condition which results in an irregular development of the hip socket, the synovial joint fails to develop correctly, and the head of bone is not tightly held in place by the socket.
  • Explains that hip dysplasia indicators are usually present when the dog is of an early age, while some dogs can have minor forms of this disease when they are adolescent.
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