According to the Ancient History Encyclopedia it is thought that the first contact between China and the west was around 200 BCE . Many types of merchandise were traded along this road. China had things like silk, bamboo work, and Chinese lacquers. The West had many new fruits, vegetables, spices, gold, and medicinal materials that China wanted. So this was a mutually beneficial trade route.
During 200 B.C.E. to 1450 C.E., the Silk Road changed from a simple trade route with Europe to an international business, and its political power shifted from the Chinese dynasties to the Mongols taking over the Silk Road; despite these political and economic changes, the Silk Road remained a trade route that facilitated cultural diffusion and exchange. Stretching beyond 4,000 miles and serving as a major trade route between China and western Europe, the Silk Road assimilated different cultures while establishing commerce over the regions. The Silk Road's cross-cultural interaction significantly transformed the lives and societies of those who participated. In particular, trade was among the main reasons for such cross-cultural interaction, as well as the basis for their economies.
and deported apricots, pottery and spices. The interaction of these different cultures created a cultural diffusion. The road consisted of vast and numerous trade routes that went between China and Europe. Long distance trade came to action when rulers invested in making roads and bridges. “During the 1870s, silk was brought to the west coast of the United States via the Pacific Ocean, then rerouted to the east coast by the transcontinental railway.” Although long distance trade was effective it was risky and was liable to only pirates.
During the Post-Classical Era, many inter-reigonal networks were created, and many other trade networks that became gateways for the spread of religion, as well as the development of cultures, were expanded. With these expansions came the development of economic integration and a market economy. Increased agricultural production helped facilitate the development of trade. Along with the expansion of the Tang and Song dynasties in China, the influence of Chinese goods, inventions and religion became evident in many distinct parts of the Indian Ocean Basin. Contacts were thus created, as a result of increased trade and state expansion.
Hexi Corridor Is Part Of The Northern Silk Road And Is Located Inside Of Gansu. (left) this is a picture of Dunhuang, which was a town that was part of the Silk road route. (middle) This is a map showing parts of the silk road, the hexi corridor and also the Taklamakan Desert. Silk was one of the most important and popular items, it is the reason the route is called "Silk Road". Other countries in Asia and Europe really wanted silk because they think it is a sign of wealth.
1. China is one of the largest textiles producing and exporting countries in the world. Textile industry, as a labor-intensive industry with high foreign trade dependence degree, has made considerable contributions to China’s relatively stable employment and foreign exchange reserves. Correspondingly, due to keen demand, the U.S. needs to import magnanimous textiles. Therefore, enormous textile trade between China and U.S. seems logical.
In addition, the silk route was more than just a trade route that brought products to and from because it developed into a transcontinental network carrying goods, information, religion, language, and technology. The Silk Route is indisputably one of the oldest international trade routes consisting of a series of roadways laid over land primarily, until the introduction of sea travel. What initiated the overwhelming interest in trade was one of the oldest fibers known to man, silk, that originated in China. Silk is a luxury fabric that can be woven into textiles, producing a rich texture and luster like no other material. Dating back to 2500BC this exotic material was used exclusively for Chinese royalty, but gradually expanded to become a bigger part of the Chinese culture.
Also, this changed the political power of India due to the extreme number of goods. The want and need for these goods throughout the Western nations gave India influential power. India’s culture and political power grew as the civilization became popular with other cultures because of their luxury exports such as: cotton goods, and pepper. Due to the Silk Road, the Indian civilization entered a reign of peace and prosperity. India changed in the expansion of trade because of their extensive trade... ... middle of paper ... ...ce throughout society.
“Buddhism and Islam arose and spread along Asia’s far-flung trade routes so did luxury goods, such as silk, pearls, spices and medicines” (Gordon, pg. Vii). The Silk Road and religions became the most important passageways for technological, cultural, and commercial exchanges between China and India. This “interconnectedness” helped developing the great civilizations of both China and India.
This upward mobility gave anyone from any class the chance to progress in Chinese society, and thus the great thinkers, poets and artisans came not only from the small aristocratic population, but rather from the entire vast population of China. This allowed the Chinese culture to grow in all areas, so that they even rivaled great civilizations such as Rome. Bibliography: Hucker, Charles O. - China's Imperial Past.