During 200 B.C.E. to 1450 C.E., the Silk Road changed from a simple trade route with Europe to an international business, and its political power shifted from the Chinese dynasties to the Mongols taking over the Silk Road; despite these political and economic changes, the Silk Road remained a trade route that facilitated cultural diffusion and exchange. Stretching beyond 4,000 miles and serving as a major trade route between China and western Europe, the Silk Road assimilated different cultures while establishing commerce over the regions. The Silk Road's cross-cultural interaction significantly transformed the lives and societies of those who participated. In particular, trade was among the main reasons for such cross-cultural interaction, as well as the basis for their economies.
Advancements in technology also boomed because of this trade. Tools such as compasses, astrolabes, and new sails were invented to facilitate the navigation of the waters. Countries took advantage of their natural resources as well, trading their own resources with the recourses of the other countries to make a large profit. Because of Indian Ocean trade in 600 BCE to 1450 CE, on impact on the involved countries was a flourishing in many types of cultures. In Africa, the coast of the continent was heavily influenced by maritime trade.
Pg. Vii). The history shows that these two countries have always been the centre of attention and desired by many invaders for wealth and power. This essay will give a rough idea about how these countries came to be but the major theme will be “The Silk Road” and how it connected Asia with the rest of the world, Mediterranean to northeast Africa and Europe. This essay will briefly explain how these “interconnectedness” between different parts of Asia influenced each other economically, religiously, politically and culturally.
The Mongols, who had... ... middle of paper ... ...ace in this era, so naturally slaves were traded along the established trade routes. The most important aspect of the trade that was occurring along the Silk Roads was not the material goods but rather the exchange of knowledge, beliefs and cultures. The Silk Road made central Asia into a melting pot of cultures from China to the east and Europe to the west. In central Asia the art, music, fashion and architecture all show influences from different cultures. Knowledge of how to produce goods flowed across the Silk Road too.
They passed on their knowledge through oral stories, artifacts, and writings. The Mesopotamian and Indus Valley civilizations provided us with basic technologies that we steadily improved on. They also created a basic architecture that is reflected in our buildings, art, and clothing today. These extremely successful civilizations left a huge impact on the present-day Earth. Their interactions with each other started many connections between two fairly different parts of the world.
Because of its size, the were always issues with the Silk Road ranging from the nomadic steppe people raiding the caravans to the sheer length of such a trek through dangerous terrain such as deserts. Such terrain led to the need for villages and cities along the road to allow merchants to stop and resupply before proceeding. Based on these issues, it is clear that certain points on the Silk Road were more critical to its success and survival than others. The three most important points on the Silk Road were the Ring of oasis cities around the Taklamakan and Gobi Deserts, the city of Dunhuang, and the porter trip from the Nile to the Red Sea all of which provided strategic and sometimes cultural importance on the Silk Road. The third most important location on the Silk Road, is not actually on the overland route itself, but is rather the only overland trek on the sea route from the Roman Empire all the way to India.
During the Post-Classical Era, many inter-reigonal networks were created, and many other trade networks that became gateways for the spread of religion, as well as the development of cultures, were expanded. With these expansions came the development of economic integration and a market economy. Increased agricultural production helped facilitate the development of trade. Along with the expansion of the Tang and Song dynasties in China, the influence of Chinese goods, inventions and religion became evident in many distinct parts of the Indian Ocean Basin. Contacts were thus created, as a result of increased trade and state expansion.
When Columbus came onto this continent, he had no right to destroy what was rightfully there before. Furthermore, with him, came smallpox, slavery, genocide, death, and destruction. However, even if the Indian society was developed and pretty complex, the Europeans were a questing and growing civilization that ultimately led to what the modern world is now. They had the wheel, a written language, agriculture, and much permanent settlement. Western Europe was also equally split... ... middle of paper ... ... of the United States of America.
Unfortunately, it has many skeletons in its closet that need to come out to heal this great nation on many levels. If the public at large new the real role of racism in our nations infancy and how men tried to pursue their way of thinking as opposed to what is good for the country they would be ashamed at what the United States has stood for in the past. Heroification is a degenerative process that makes people into heroes regardless of any type of character flaw they may possess. It appears that Mr. Loewen?s greatest concern about heroification does not revolve around who gets chosen for the history books but what actually happens to them after they do. He cites two examples of people that had led colored lives but in our textbooks show them as people we should strive to become like.
Documents 2 and 4 also emphasize how travel can be accountable for the exchange of ideas between cultures. Both Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo traveled extensive distances, stopping in various cities. Throughout their journeys, they carried their ideas with them, but were also introduced to the ideas of the people in the places they were visiting. Document 3 presents what is most likely the culprit for the increase in cultural diffusion during 1000 to 1400 A.D. War is often the reason for major cultural diffusion because, as new lands are conquered and the people of that land are put under the rule of a different people, the beliefs, traditions, and cultures of the conquerors mesh with those of the conquered. Document 5 also introduces a driving force in cultural diffusion – commerce.