This attempt had failed in many ways because of an inexperienced president and his unarticulated ideals of how to control a war and satisfy his country at the same time. After the unfortunate assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963, his successor, vice-president, Lyndon Baines Johnson, or LBJ, was forced to take the plunge into presidency at a crucial time. The Vietnam War had already been ignited and US involvement was apparent. Because Johnson was an insecure man, and with that insecurity came a fear of being ridiculed, he wanted to show the American people that he could be the best president in US history. Although his intentions to create a 'Great Society' and to win the war in Vietnam were probably for the best, he still managed to make more mistakes that anything else.
The large amount of bombs that the U.S dropped on North Vietnam was almost pointless, as the Northern Vietnamese were willing to lose all of those people if it gave them an ultimate victory in the war. To conclude, George Herring and Loren Baritz both had plausible and realistic arguments for what led to the ultimate failure in Vietnam. From over-confidence to lack of understanding, and over confidence, they all played a major role. Without the support of the American people and the amount of money being put into the war, there was a point that we could no longer continue to fight a war that the Northern Vietnamese were destined to win due to our ignorance of their people.
The decisions before, during and after the offensive opened the blind eyes of the American people to the truth of the North Vietnamese Army capabilities. The mistakes of the North Vietnamese ended with their defeat, but the ripples of their attack would spur the American people to respond. Public protest became too much for the American government to ignore and began the military drawdown in South Vietnam under President Nixon in 1969. The Vietnam War was a constant battleground of guerrilla tactics until January 31, 1968 when the war turned in an entirely different direction. The American government and media had always proclaimed that the North Vietnamese Army would pose no strong unified threat.
The Involvement of the United States during the Vietnam War. The American’s involvement in the Vietnam War took a huge death toll as well as a huge financial toll. Many believed that our involvement was unnecessary and waste of the money and lives lost (Romo, Zastro, Miller). But, with the harsh French ruling the Vietnam had, and soon shared control over Vietnam with Japan, some Vietnamese got tired of that and wanted to declare it a free country. Of course, that thought wouldn’t come easy to all, and a fight starts to break.
Among many reasons, one of the two biggest factors in the lose of the war was America’s foreign policy how and how bad the US underestimated how important freedom and independence was to the people of Vietnam. On top of that the US used the wrong military strategy, instead of focusing on limiting collateral damage the US used heavy artillery that killed citizens and alienated would be supporters. There was political corruptness in South Vietnam governments, which meant that they could not build an alternative to the NLF. At home, the public opinion of the war was decreasing at a constant rate and demonstrations were at an all time high. Everything that could go wrong did go wrong, and these problems all contributed to a Vietnam tour that went horribly wrong and an attitude among the American people that was growing ever doubt full of their government.
The Tet Offensive was the turning point in the Vietnam War due to the surprising high causalities, but most importantly the psychological effects towards the American citizens. Although NVA and Vietcong made a devastating tactical error, which caused them to miserably lose against the US army and SVA, they were able to end the American assistance to the SVA. General S. L. A. Marshall said,” a potential major victory turned into a disastrous defeat through mistaken estimates, loss of nerve, and a tidal wave of defeatism (Zabecki).” The Tet offensive should have been a clear victory for the US. However, without the US, the NVA and Vietcong would eventually defeat SVA. If US had continued the war, southern Vietnam would have triumph over northern Vietnam.
This is significant because the suspension of Operation Rolling Thunder is clearly due to the public backlash faced in the aftermath of the Tet Offensive. Moreover, since the Tet Offensive forced the U.S. to change one of its primary objectives (the possibility of communist influence in Vietnam) it gave the North Vietnamese a best worst-case-scenario – a negotiated peace rather than a total collapse of the Hanoi government. This is a significant tactical advantage for the North Vietnamese, thus proving that the Tet Offensive was a strategic victory for the Hanoi government. Overall, the Tet Offensive cost the Viet Cong more than 110,000 casualties with ~45,000 killed, failed to capture and hold Saigon, and ultimately failed to unify the entirety of Vietnam under communist rule, making it on paper a complete loss and waste of
Every speech he gives appears to be primarily concerned with shoring up public opinion, warning us about the difficulties ahead and purposefully praising Americans for their "patience and resolve." The administration understands a basic truth about leading a democracy in war: Public support must never be taken for granted. Even in allegedly "easy-to-support" wars, like World War II, political leaders have found it necessary to adjust the military tempo to boost public morale. All the more so in the current campaign, where the course is uncertain and the prospects for immediate success are bleak. Ironically, the initial wave of solidarity behind Bush actually intensifies concern, because there is no way the president can hold on to stratospheric approval ratings.
The system was unfair, But it was necessary and even with the cost being so high it was useful. Whenever there's light there's darkness to counter it and that is the sad reality of it all there will always rise a force against that which is right. In the Vietnam war there are many problems that came with this war but lessons were learned through this hard time for all America. At the time there was not enough people to fight the war which without men there is no Army, Navy, Air force and no Marines to fight for the cause of America. The draft is not in practice today and it would take very extreme measures for it ever to be put back into practice, but this allowed the United States to go and fight communism.
The Vietnam War events from 1964 to 1975 created tensions in politics, economics, and social aspects of American life. President Johnson believed in containment and the domino theory. Containment was to stop the spread of communism. Domino Theory was that if one country falls then more and more will start to fall as well, they were most worried about Southeast Asia. To stop the spread of communism President Johnson told Congress that North Vietnam attacked one of the American ships first.