The history that the Nazi’s left behind without a doubt is filled with horrors and tragedies, yet somehow they had consistent majority support and the faith of the German people in there hands. For myself and other historians it is hard to believe the horrors of the holocaust could have happened without the majority support of the German population. In the words of Professor James Glass “The holocaust took collective belief within Germany ”. When considering the legitimacy of the Nazi party, often all we consider is the holocaust- but for Germans there was much more. In just under twenty years the Nazi party was able to gain sole leadership by popular vote in Germany.
Hitler’s rise to power was almost instantaneous; the possibility of it being inevitable is absurd. If the Nazi’s political parties and opponents made better decisions, by using their authority and influence over Germany more effectively and efficiently, Hitler would not have had power in 1933. Furthermore, certain events emerged from the 1920’s through to 1933 that damaged Germany so much so that Hitler was able to take advantage and command situations. Political instability was one of the foremost factors in government collapse at the hands of Hitler; if the Weimar Republic was stron... ... middle of paper ... ... their excessive propaganda campaigning and the strengths of Hitler as a leader and influence. In the years leading up to 1933, Hitler and the Nazi’s had complete control of the situation.
The Reasons Hitler was Made Chancellor of Germany In Germany in 1933, Hitler's Nazis party was growing extremely popular with the Germans. This posed a problem for the current government, The Weimar republic who were losing popularity. Hitler promised things that the German people needed: Hitler offered a strong leadership, like that of the Kaiser, older Germans who were alive during the reign of the Kaiser, warmed to this type of ruling. Hitler promised the cancellation of the treaty of Versailles, which was still a subject which angered many people; many still held the signing of the treaty against the Weimar. Hitler's use of the SA forced people into voting for him.
To what extent was Hitler's success in coming to power due to the depression? Hitler became chancellor in January 1933. By March he had full dictatorial power. There is no doubt that the impact of the depression on the German people gave way to the rise of Hitler. It was the single most important factor of Hitler's coming to power, however it wasn't the only factor.
Ian Kershaw is correct when he argues that while Hitler was responsible for the execution of the German foreign policy that inevitably led to World War II, Hitler was not free from the influence of outside forces. Kershaw, a professor of history at the University of Sheffield, is a structuralist. Structuralists generally believe Hitler cannot be held solely responsible for World War II and that he was “was a product of the environment he helped to create”. When it comes down to specifics, the structuralists tend to emphasize different aspects; for example, one may focus on the effects of socioeconomic pressure while another may focus on the lack of a coherent plan (343). Kershaw’s article draws from many aspects of structuralism and delivers a sufficient comprehensive argument in his excerpt.
1. Why is it difficult to really know how popular Hitler and the Nazis were among the German People? Briefing 6, “How Did People React to Nazism”, clearly highlights the discrepancies between German people’s interpretations of Nazism and Hitler in the 1930s and after 1945, which demonstrates the uncertainty of Hitler’s true popularity. Initially in the 1930s, German citizens were unable to “express decent” and were coerced into passive acceptance of the Nazi ideology. This pressure to conform to Hitler’s homogenous Volksgemeinschaft, and the uniform propaganda of the mass media, presented Germany as a homogenous society whom admired Hitler.
Germany actually won the bid to host the games over Spain in 1931. The President at the time was President Paul von Hindenburg, and the party was known as the Weimar Republic which was established after the First World War. It was not until 1933 when the President appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor; at this time it was only meant to appease the people, as the Nazi influence was growing, while other political parties were losing supporters. It took Hitler about two months to gain power in office, and turn the President into simply a figure head. This is when he began to put into place laws that reflect Nazi ideology.
During this crisis in Germany, caused indirectly by the Treaty, when Hitler tried to seize power he was unsupported. Therefore the Treaty of Versailles, on its own, was not a reason why Hitler rose to power. After 1929, the Great Depression acted as a catalyst, igniting the German people's anger for the Treaty of Versailles and it then became a factor in Hitler's rise to power. Another reason why Hitler was able to rise to power was due to the failure of the Munich Putsch of November 1923. At his trial, Hitler gained enormous publicity, which made him well known.
Gleichschaltung accustomised Germany to a Government under the Nazis and most importantly under Hitler. Nonetheless, I believe that the most significant step wasn't even implemented by Hitler or the Nazi's, it was employed by President Hindenburg and the Weimar republic when they decided to assign the leader of a declining party the position of chancellor. Their underestimation of Hitler was in my opinion the most significant factor in the enabling and consolidating of Hitler's power in Germany.
The Weimar Republic was set up, in many ways, to fail. There was a major flaw in the constitution that essentially handed leadership to Hitler in the end. This was proportional representation. This allowed a wide range of political opinions but also meant that no one party could have majority rule leading to unstable coalitions, which often ended quite quickly. Things were hard for the newly elected Chancellor Fr... ... middle of paper ... ... Hitler was able to take complete power through careful planning and utilizing opportune moments throughout the 1920s and 30s.