The Seventeenth Amendment

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Written in 1787 at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, and later ratified by the thirteen original states in 1788, the Constitution establishes the relationship between the federal (national) government and state governments. It establishes our republican form of government with an elected Executive (President), a bicameral congress (consisting of two legislative branches, a House of Representatives and a Senate), and a judicial system headed by a Supreme Court. The Framers' of the Constitution were influenced in their work by the ancient Athenians, the thinkers of the Enlightenment; Locke and Montesquieu. As well as important political documents such as the Mayflower Compact, England's Magna Carta and Bill of Rights, to name a few. The purpose of the Constitution is written in a one sentence introduction known as the Preamble; it explains that the document proposes to establish a more perfect government, complete with justice, tranquility, and liberty for all men. Based upon the influences mentioned earlier, the Framers' wanted to create a system that clearly defined and limited the powers and scope of the federal government and state governments in relation to the people they governed. Believing that a large, all powerful central government would be a danger to this republican form of government the Framers' came up with two very important features; the separation of powers and checks and balances. The separation of powers is the division of government into independent groups, preventing any one group from having too much power. In this system, the separate groups check, or monitor the each other, having the effect of keeping an even balance of power; this is called checks and balances. Another important featur... ... middle of paper ... ...immense financial burden on the states, and for those reasons the healthcare bill would never have been agreed to by any senator chosen by state officials. Senators today pass out these federal goodies because they know that those same special interests that benefit from these social justice programs will be there for them on election day with lots of campaign cash. In the end, we are the ones, along with our children who are left with this debt for our governments insatiable appetite for spending. Under legislative appointment, senators would be restricted from handing out federal goodies unless it benefitted the people in their states and even then those goodies would have to benefit, according to current rules agreed to by the senate, at twenty-nine other states for them to pass. The current senate rules call for passage by a super-majority; sixty senators.
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