In 202 BC at the Battle of Zama, Rome defeated Carthage. The two nations lived in peace for a few decades, then another Punic War erupted. Rome prevailed again, obliterating Carthage. During the next two centuries the Roman Empire expanded rapidly, gobbling up many of the territories once ruled by Alexander the Great, including Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, and Egypt. While venturing out to rule the Mediterranean world, Rome also defined its own civilization and polity.
Then they gained new ships and began to win. They gained control of Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily. In 221 B.C., the second Punic war was started when Hannibal, a Carthaginian general, wanted revenge on the Romans because his father was killed in the first Punic war. In 202 B.C., there was the Battle of Zama when the Roman general Scipio went up against Hannibal.
Height possible reason had cause the fall of the Roman Empire. The invasion by the Barbarian Tribes, an economic troubles an over reliance on slave labor, the rise of the western empire, a government corruption and political instability, the arrival of the Huns and the migration of the Barbarian tribes, christianity and the loss of traditional values and weakening of the Roman legions. As well as the Black Death also called the Plague. The next several decades the empire had spent, was under threats. In 476, the Germanic leader had organized a revolt that deposed the Emperor Augustus.
He was the leading general in a major battle called Aqnae Sextiae. Aqnae Sextiae was against two Germanic tribes, the Teutones and the Ambrones, who invaded parts of the Roman Empire in 102 B.C. After him, born on July 100 B.C., was a roman general named Gaius Julius Caesar, who later became the first dictator of Rome. In 58 B.C. Julius invaded Gaul and in 50 B.C., he conquered Gaul.
Carthage Goes to War with Rome From the middle of the 3rd century to the middle of the 2nd century BC, Carthage was engaged in a series of wars with Rome. These wars, known as the Punic Wars, ended in the complete defeat of Carthage by Rome. The most prominent figure of the Punic war s was General Hannibal of Pheonician Carhtage. During these wars, it is likely that the colonizing expeditions of the Carthaginians were supported by many emigrants from the Phoenician homeland. Hannibal (b.
When Pompey was just 17 he fought, along with his father, on the side of Lucius Cornelius Sulla against the army of Gaius Marius and Lucius Cornelius Cinna. In the year of 84 bc he had raised three legions defeat Marian army. Pompey later defeated Marian army. Then Pompey was sent to destroy the rest of the Marian army in Africa and Sicily. On his triumphant return to Rome he was honored with the title Magnus, or the Great.
Rome declared war on Carthage. This begins the second Punic War. After hearing the declaration of war Hannibal immediately starts off towards Rome. The problem was he had to go by land because Rome controlled the seas. Hannibal takes an army of thirty-five to forty thousand men, some on foot and others on horse, along with fifty war elephants across the Pyrenees and the Alps in August of 218.
In the later part of the 3rd century BC the African State of Carthage, began to exploit the Peninsula. Under the Carthaginian General Hamilcar, a large part of peninsula was conquered in a campaign in from 237BC to 228 BC. That part of the peninsula is now known as Barcelona. This expansion was viewed unfavorable by the Romans and in 219 BC, after violating a Carthage-Rome agreement limiting Carthaginian territory, General Hannibal; destroyed the Greek colony of Saguntum, and started the second Punic war. Around 206 BC the Carthage was forced to evacuate the Peninsula, and nine years later Rome divided the peninsula into two provinces.
The Pantheon was a temple in honor of the Olympic gods; in fact, the word pantheon is Greek for "of all the gods" It is the best preserved of all the Roman monuments. Walking into the interior of the Pantheon you will appreciate the enormity of the columns that form the pillared porch. Once inside you'll find yourself looking up in awe at the size of the area above you, until your eyes find the opening in the dome. The pavement of the interior is finely polished marble in patterns of the style called "Opus Sectile" which was popular in ancient Rome. Not only is the Pantheon one of the most amazing architectural structures of the Roman Empire, but it is also one of the most intriguing.
The slave army had about 70,000 men led by a gladiator named Spartacus. He was a gladiator who escaped from a training facility and attracted t... ... middle of paper ... ...ion this all showed that style of governing and ruling an empire started a century long pattern of events that eventually lead to the fall and destruction of the old oligarchy led by the Senate. The combination of desire for personal gain and glory of a politician or general was what weakened the Roman customs and the Senate. This was a cycle among the Senate, to find themselves stuck in a problem and to find others to fix with of course military means but in turn make everything more corrupt with their disruptive practices such as Pompey and Julius Caesar. But they were not the only ones there were others who were to blame for causing such decay and corruption such as Marius, Sulla, Gaius and Tiberius Gracchus.