The Self-The Development Of Development In Urban Village Development

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The self-supporting development that used as an approach in this research refers to the independent condition of an urban village, where they have a self-social, economic, and neighborhood development’s system inside their village. Derived from this thought, it is obviously necessary to aware of the strategy to build a sturdy village neighborhood structure. When the sources are proper, it would be the finest time to apply the self-supporting development. Through the intention to have more understanding about these two related things, this chapter is divide into three parts. First part would be described theories related to the urban village neighborhood design. While second part showed some case studies, related to the self-supporting development concept in several different ways. Case studies that have chosen are the successful example of a self-supporting urban village development. In the last part, there are theoretical conclusions for the both parts.
2.1. Theories of Urban Village Development
Urban village is a particular result of urban development in every city, including China. At the earlier time, American economist, Arthur O’Sullivan, mentioned about the urban village concept for the first time. In his book, Urban Economics (2007, p68), he mentioned about American Urban Village. He said that American’s urban village is crowd concentrations, which located in suburb of modern cities, commonly known as “hypo-centers.” He also mentioned that those kinds of urban villages are a result of the shopping malls and office buildings decentralization.
The city, which was composes of this many suburb “hypo-centers,” has formed an urban village structure. In many American big cities, these “hypo-centers” often consist of high-rise bui...

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...e one environment. It is consist of:

1. Paths
Paths are the channels along which viewer move (streets, transit line, canals, etc.). It is usually knows as a circulations line.
2. Edges
Edges are linear elements that are neither use nor measure as paths. Usually form borders between areas or linear breaks in continuity.
3. Districts
The district is the medium to large part of the city which viewer psychologically enters, which identified the physical character of particular continuities in terms of texture, space, form, detail, symbol, etc.
4. Nodes
Nodes simply could describe as a thematic concentration.
5. Landmarks
Landmarks are point references of an external viewer to the observer.

In a neighborhood design, these five physical elements are working together. None of each element would be existed in separation; all combine to create an overall image.
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