(100 points) Suburbanization is where there is a migration of people from what is considered the city to the areas outside of it. Its prominence can be seen in two major waves. The height of streetcars sparked the first suburbanization revolution where they allowed for accessibility to areas outside of the city. They helped to form the landscape of suburban areas so that residences were located surrounding stations for easy accessibility into the city. The second wave happened with the advancement of automobiles and highways, enabling individuals to easily commute from the suburbs to work in the city.
This city is a gather place of different m... ... middle of paper ... ...entric Urban Structure of Shanghai and Strategies in Future. Urban Planning Forum, 2010 (01), 26-32. The British Chambers of Commerce. (2009). Economic Impacts of Hub Airports.
Urban village is a particular consequence of urban development in every city, including China. At the earlier time, urban village concept was mentioned by the famous American economist, Arthur O’ Sullivan. In his book, Urban Economics (2007, p68)[ ], he mentioned about American Urban Village. He said that American’s urban village is the mass concentration located in the suburb of modern cities, called “hypo-centers.” He also mentioned that those kinds of urban villages are an outcome of suburbanization and the decentralization of shopping malls and office buildings. The city, which is composed of many suburb “hypo-centers,” has been created an urban village system.
The second section starts off by exploring good urban governance and it importance thereafter it discusses the four approaches (traditional, market based, participatory and third way) to urban governance with focus on the traditional and participatory approach. Case studies are used to highlight the impacts of the different approaches. The third section explores integrated urban governance and it theoretical
The perspective that guides the ecological and the social spatial-dialect schools of thought asks the “urban question” in separate distinct terminology. Respected scholars from the ecological mode of thinking, like Burgess, Wirth and others view society and space from the rationale that geographical scope determines society (The City Reader, 2009). The “urban question” that results from the ecological paradigm sees the relationship between the city (space) as influencing the behaviors of individuals or society in the city. On the other hand... ... middle of paper ... ...r (pp. 150-157).
Figure 1 The relationship between environment, society and economy Source: http://www.susdev.gov.hk/html/en/sd/index.htm There are different approaches in sustainable development. Diesendorf (2000) had illustrated that the goal or destination of sustainable development was the tight relationship between sustainabi... ... middle of paper ... ...bly support the inhabitants without degrading environment, economy and social in the present and the following generations. Beside, carry capacity contains the ability for the area to provide our basic needs such as clothing, food, medical care in order to offer a decent and reasonable life quality. Therefore, government should cooperate with the developers to renew some used land in order to supply more public housings, which can let more needy to live in the area to meet the overpopulation problems without harming the precious environment. Taking Tak Long Estate as an example, its area is about 300 hectares with the capacity of 90000, which can settle more than 10% of total population in Hong Kong.
To analyse and model the relationships between land use changes and the provision of resources and functions (e.g. residential, transport, environmental and recreational services) of RURs at an European and a case study level. 3. To analyse the implications of planning policies and strategies as well as governance structures on the sustainability of land use, particularly in peri-urban areas by exploring selected case study regions in detail and in collaboration with local stakeholders. This allows identifying strategies for sustainable peri/urban development.
Urbanization (or urbanisation) is the increasing number of people that live in urban areas. Urbanization has been the result of economic growth for most countries. In fact, every developed nation in the world has gone through urbanization and this is no news to Chinese leaders. To turn the nation of China from being a developing nation to a developed nation, China encouraged the migration of citizens from the countryside to move to large cities and fuel the industrializing nation. Though urbanization has been a process many countries have gone through, China’s urbanization plans are very distinct compared to western examples.
Burgess presented an urban land use model, which divided cities in a set of concentric circles expanding from the downtown to the suburbs. This representation was built from Burgess's observations of a number of American cities, notably Chicago. According to this model, a large city is divided in concentric zones with a tendency of each inner zone to expand in the other zone. Urban growth is thus a process of expansion and recon version of land uses. For instance on this figure zone II (Factory zone) is expanding towards zone IV (Working class zone), creating a transition zone with recon version of land use.
For the goal and objectives of this project, we need to identify the best suitable place in the study area (Eastern Passage Cow Bay) to build residential houses with a low cost. We should meet the objectives of protecting the natural environment and reducing the costs for heating or services. For example, if we build a house need road, it will spend less materials that are needed to connect to an existing road. Otherwise, for the process of doing this project, we need to use GIS tools to look at some major information and figure out the entire structure for the study area. At the beginning, we need to find three of the best alternative sites maybe with a different element combination in order to help us to analysis the suitable locations.