Knowledge is a strong aspect of a dystopian society because people will go out of their way to use their abilities to control the lives of others. In Fahrenheit 451, the government controls civilians’ ability to think by banning books. While in Oryx and Crake, one of the main characters uses his knowledge to fix the overcrowded world, but in the end he destroys humanity. While both novels focus on wisdom and characters fight for knowledge, the truth of knowledge is shown to be dangerous since in both novels knowledge leads to the destruction of society. In Fahrenheit 451, the theme of wisdom is gained through experience and knowledge.
In John Stuart Mill’s work Utilitarianism, Mill is trying to provide proof for his moral theory utilitarianism and disprove all the objections against it. Mill defines utilitarianism as a theory based on the principle that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness" (Ch. II, page 7). He calls this the “greatest happiness principle. Mill says, “No reason can be given why the general happiness is desirable, except the fact that each person desires his own happiness, so far as he thinks it is attainable.
How would it feel to be brought into the world where lives are predestined or real life situations are constructed to work in order to benefit society as a whole? Within the book, Brave New World and the movie, The Truman Show, the theme of sacrificing personal identity in order to benefit society runs throughout each work. The ideas and opinions of the public coincide harmoniously as the society they live in. Bernard Marx and John Savage are two predominant characters of Brave New World. Both are outcasts of the World State because of their differing opinions from the rest of the “conditioned” society.
All that which proceeds from a man’s dependence upon man is evil.¨ Anthem’s author, Ayn Rand, is saying that asking questions is good, while depending on only a handful of people (in this case the scholars) to ask them for you divides mankind into egoists and altruists, although altruism is the only side taken. The government noticed the Equality was different, so they gave him the job of street sweeper to silence his voice. More curious than any of his brothers, Equality has always had more questions. In his world, this got him in trouble, but according to Ayn Rand, he should be praised for being a ¨creator¨ in a sea of
Jekyll knows that he cannot be caught because he carries out his evil thoughts through Hyde, who nobody suspects to be Jekyll as that would be seen as nonsense in that time period. However, the decision to kill himself is Jekyll’s conscience taking over and realizing that the possibility of Hyde being a member of society only makes things worse and that he is sorry for his actions and the trouble that he has
Civilization is the condition that exists when people have developed effective ways of organizing a society. In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, the characters Ralph, Piggy and Jack are liable for the disregard for civilization at the end of the novel. Piggy is accountable for the lack of civilization because he makes excuses for the other boy’s savagery. He places too much faith in what society should do and, although he complains about the boys’ reckless behaviour, he does nothing to stop it. Ralph is responsible because he makes the mistake of giving Jack power; he is unable to control the other boy when Jack starts to become savage and he is prone to fleeting lapses in self-control.
Be bold and brave about your convictions, "And we are now men, and must accept in the highest mind the same transcendent destiny; and not pinched into a corner, not cowards fleeing before a revolution, but redeemers and benefactors, pious aspirants to be noble clay plastic under the Almighty effort, let us advance and advance on Chaos and the Dark." Recognize your nature whether it be good or bad, "No law can be sacred to me but that of my nature." Emerson instructs the reader to avoid the common pitfalls that tend to hinder man's virtue. Emerson identifies consistency as being an enemy of the creative thinker, "A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds", "With consistency a great soul has simply nothing to do". Emerson isn’t implying that we live erratically but that we should be introspective about our positions and ideals.
Striving to know more about his surroundings, Equality thinks,¨We think there are mysteries in the sky and under the water and in the plants which grow..(...)..and questions give us no rest.¨ Wishing to be a Scholar, Equality’s curiosity landed him the job of street sweeper. Questions forbidden, Equality was punished, granted if his brothers didn’t have any questioning thoughts, neither should he; or at least that’s what his teachers said. Equality struggles with this concept, but is not yet ready to rebel for fear that he would be even more of an anomaly than he already was. He has had the word altruism sculpted into his mind, and in this society, there is no second choice, for egoism was effaced. In The Fountainhead, Ayn Rand remarks, ¨The choice is not self-sacrifice or domination.
In the novella Anthem, Equality demonstrates a desire to learn, and although his teachers reprimand this action, he declares, “We wish to know...We asked so many questions that the Teachers forbade it” (Rand 23). Furthermore, Equality wonders, “what— even if we have to burn for it…what is the Unspeakable Word?”, epitomizing his determination to unveil society’s secret regardless of the consequences (Rand 51). His statements establish conflict within himself as he yearns for clandestine knowledge, but recognizes that society forbids his ardor. Similarly, in Fahrenheit 451, Montag begins to doubt the government’s views on literature, proved when he states, “There must be something in those books, things we can’t imagine, to make a woman stay in a burning house” (Bradbury 51). Montag’s proclamations introduce a battle within himself because he must now decide whether to conform to society’s ban on literary works or transgress by exploring a book’s contents.
However, neither is at fault as much as the government, recklessly implementing these changes so that 24 million scripts had to be marked when teacher shortages.are clear. So why has Curriculum 2000 resulted in the introduction of these primary-school errors? Maybe because the endless module combinations and numerous resit opportunities have meant exam boards cannot sufficiently check through each and every one of the hundreds of different exam papers. AQA's report for January's A Level Literature paper casually mentioned how some of the options set had not been attempted by any candidates.