After crushing many rebellions, Caesar forced the senate to make him a dictator. Caesar launched many reforms such as public work programs and giving land to the poor. According to legend those in the senate murdered Caesar on March 15. Caesar's Grandnephew, Octavian, and Marc Anthony joined forces to capture his killers. However bitter feuds grew it soon became a battle for power.
When Hannibal realized that he could not efficiently surround Rome with Italian states, he spread the conflict hoping to spread Rome’s resources thin. Hannibal brought different countries into the war against Rome. The real blow to Hannibal came in 209 when the Romans took Carthage and forced Hasdrubal out of Spain. This cut his main supply route off. Hannibal learned of the defeat when Hasdrubal's head was thrown into his camp.
He cooled his temper by watching chariot racing, wrestling bouts and acting and singing competitions which was ‘appalling’ to the people of Rome. All of his executions were directed towards political opponents and unlike his immediate predecessors there is no reason to believe he enjoyed their deaths (Dennison, 2012). This however is very subjective as there are primary sources like Suetonius and Tacitus that say the opposite of this, that Nero did enjoy the executions of his rivals death. Nero reacted harshly to accusations of treason against himself and the senate and because of this people, if caught trying to overturn him, were exiled and executed ("Nero", 2017). One of the people Nero had executed was Seneca, Neros former tutor and mentor ("Who is Nero?
Brutus, the co-leader of the assassination of Julius Caesar, was incredibly envious and jealous due to Ceasar becoming the almighty power of the Roman Empire. Even though Ceasar was kind and considerate to give some of his power to Brutus, ironically, it wasn’t enough. Proving the greed and power to be too much led to Brutus taking advantage of their friendship. Envious of Caesar becoming dictator for life, Brutus devised a devious plan to overthrow and murder his best friend. Ultimately the killing of Caesar proves how power, greed, and envy can manipulate their way and change a good men to evil men.
The reason why Julius was killed was because Julius Caesar was for not doing his actions in secrecy and deceit. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, there were civil wars occurring and there was a period of unrest. Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavius then ruled Rome. In 27BC, Octavius changed his name to Augustus Caesar. This period was when Augustus won the battle for rule of Rome, so now the triumvirate was gone.
General Adherbal on the other hand was celebrated as a hero in Carthage. Even with the major naval victory in the waters of Drepana, the Carthaginian could not overcome the Romans in the overall war between the two. The Carthaginians were eventually forced to sign a treaty that forced them to vacate from Sicily, pay a large fine, and not fight against Roman allies. Only 23 years later would they begin a new war against each other called the Second Punic War. (Rickard, J)
To whoever was burned out of office as a choice of the public should not be reelected, and if any magistrate was to execute a roman citizen without a legal trial, shadowing his brother’s death, that controversy must be brought into the public sphere (Plutarch). Gracchus’s intention proposing these laws was to please the people and weaken the power of the senate that has been inequitable. After his brothers death he... ... middle of paper ... ...resent him as. Gaius Gracchus faced many obstacles in his tribuneship, from the senators, to the consuls and even at one point, the public. After Gaius was murdered by Optimus’s army and had his “head was cut off” (Plutarch), his reform still stood in place after his death (Lenski).
Furthermore, Romulus became the first leader and king of Rome. Romulus abruptly disappeared from the face of the earth, and no one knows for sure what happened to the first king of Rome. Needless to say, a precedent was set by Romulus because he killed his brother in order to obtain supported power (Hughes 19). Due to the growing evidence that Rome was having economical problems in 130 B.C., the Gracchus brothers believed Rome’s problem was the decline of small farmers and wanted change (Spielvogel 101). Tiberius Gracchus was a member of the aristocracy and a new tribune.
After Caesar named Augustus his heir to the throne, he was denied everything except Caesars name. However, Augustus accepts Caesars name and then sets out to destroy all those who were enemies to his adopted farther. Augustus took out huge loans from the bank, giving the money to the citizens of Rome, making them favour him. He then turned his attention to his fathers enemies. Did this by skilfully attacking the senate for killing Caesar, and blaming Antony for not doing enough.
This led to many impoverished families being forced into homelessness, poverty and starvation. Every town had a so-called Hooverville, a shanty town of ramshackle huts where migrants lived, while they searched for work. In these Hoovervilles, conditions were unsanitary and disease spread easily. Many of these people lived on food provided by charities, but by 1932, the Red Cross, for example, could only give 75 cents a week to each family. A banking crisis then swept across America, as the confidence of the American public fell.