The Scramble for Africa

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What was the Scramble for Africa?

The Scramble for Africa was a period of time where major European countries fought over and colonized land in Africa, stretching from South Africa to Egypt. The scramble for Africa began shortly after the slave trade, and ended at WW1, and is a strong representation of the ‘New Imperialism’. The first country to act was Belgium, who colonized Congo at 1885, but soon, other countries such as Portugal and Great Britain joined in in order to not miss out. Firstly, the European could not colonize Africa easily, due to Africa’s giant land mass and the diseases that spread throughout the land. But then, came the Steam train, Maxim guns and new cures for diseases that paved the way for the Europeans to control Africa. Since one of the reasons Europeans wanted to colonize Africa was that they wanted to ‘civilize’ the people, the leader of Germany, Otto Von Bismarck, decide that they have a conference to split the land and not fight each other. Soon, in 1914, nearly all African countries were colonized by Europeans except for Ethiopia and Liberia. Different countries had different styles of colonization. For example, France was less eager to let the African chiefs take control of their colonies than Britain, who set up a African Government to their colonies. Basically, the scramble for Africa was a period of time when European countries colonized Africa.
Why did the European countries colonize Africa? How could they benefit from this?

Slave Trade:
There are a lot of causes of the scramble for Africa, and one of them was to ‘liberate’ the slaves in Africa after the slave trade ended. The slave trade was a time during the age of colonization when the Europeans, American and African traded with each oth...

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Works Cited

African History: What Caused the Scramble for Africa. Alistair Boddy-Evans, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.
Why Did Europeans Colonize Africa. Saylor Foundation, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.


Spark Notes: The Scramble for Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014. history/european/1871-1914/section5.rhtml>. The New Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa 1880-1914. Jeff Taylor, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
Exploring Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
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