Imperialism in Africa was caused by four factors in Europe: economy, politics/military, humanitarian/religion, and Social Darwinism (Ellis). The Industrial Revolution in Europe caused the need for oversea expansion because the manufacturers needed things like: rubber, petroleum, and palm oil all of which Africa had. Europe moving into Africa was also caused by nationalism, when France went into Africa so did Britain (Ellis). The difference between France and Britain was the way of rule they used. There are four different methods of imperialism: direct, indirect, protectorate, and sphere of influence.
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Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, and cultural life. During the Industrial Revolution, world powers that were mainly in Europe dominated many countries, including the Scramble for Africa. The Scramble of Africa was during the 1800s when European nations created colonial boundaries in Africa. The Scramble of Africa situation caused many problems because tribes of grouping tribes under one leader, the "white man's burden", and dependent economies.
The road to such changes is long and historic as the impact on the sub-Saharan regions occurred through the use of the Atlantic slave trade that lasted from the 15th century through the 19th century. This brought about self-financing colonies in textile, palm oil, gold, diamonds, and coffee all due to the overall takeover of sub-Saharan tea markets using African labor. European colonization was effectively using African people not only as slaves but to fight small battles in military takeovers of indigenous people. The end result was dividing and conquering societies that later were broken down into smaller units (Braithwaite, 2013). As ... ... middle of paper ... ...p://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/History/South-Africa-history2.htm Pike, J.