He is most famous for the discovery of the heliocentric orbit of Earth. With the help of Kepler and Copernicus, he proved that the Earth isn't the center of the universe. He sentenced under house arrest by the church for saying something against the Bible. In addition he had to say to the public that his research is wrong but he knew that the Earth didn't stay still. Out of the three main astronomic accomplishments he had, the phases of Venus was one of the first.
With Galileo’s telescope, however, he was able to show that the sun rather than the earth was the center of the universe. Although this new discovery had a large scientific value, it had a larger impact to society on a religious level. &nb... ... middle of paper ... ...ls. This is exemplified in the book when the servants and priests refuse to be paid twice for their civil duties. These basic ideas are carried on into the nineteenth century and the period of the enlightenment.
Johannes Kepler was one of the most significant scientists of the Scientific Revolution in the middle ages. Kepler was an astronomer and mathematician who was born in Germany. He showed all the planet’s orbit the sun, and not the sun orbiting the earth. Kepler formed three laws, in which he defines the governing motion of the planets. He was dedicated passionately to circles.
Galileo Galilei was one of the most influential scientists of the Renaissance period. He was a mathematician, physicist, astronomer, a philosopher. He integrated the independent sciences of math and physics, and unified them. The popular view of the world, due to the Church overall power, at the time was Aristotle's theory that the the universe was geocentric or that the Earth was at the center of the universe.. Galileo went against that common belief and declared to the world that the Earth is not the center. This idea that humans are only a tiny speck in a boundless universe and that they are not the center of this boundless universe frightened most religious leaders.
Brahe tried to disprove Copernicus’ theory and tried to prove the idea of the earth-centered universe. Although Keppler was Brahe’s assistant, he argued for Copernicus and analyzed Brahe’s data to conclude that the sun was the center of the universe. Keppler also used Brahe’s data to discover the movement of the planet Mars. This was the key to explaining all planetary motion. ii He also discovered the planets move in elliptical orbits, which also went against the beliefs of the church.
Isaac Newton, the superb scientific genius who discovers calculus, believed in God (Hummel) and Nicolaus Copernicus, a Polish astronomer who proposes the heliocentric model of the solar system, had the faith and gets a layover (Poythress). In this modern era, science has shaped human lives in exceptional ways; through science, human can learn the medical knowledge, transportation development such as: cars and airplane, as well as other remarkable innovation. However, in olden days when science has not become the answer to the unknown, humanity seeks help and explanation in religion. Throughout the history, many texts, legends, and leverage of religion upon civilization are straggled. In the religious point of view, people utter prayers for help in time of need or to appease God’s wrath.
In contrast to this, the religious view of the creation of earth involves Creationism, the belief that humanity, life, the Earth, and the universe are a creation of God (Williams, 2010). Both definitions can be differentiated into the fact that science is unable to understand religion, however similarities are evident is that both fields study the same world and same reality. Since both religion and science contain quite controversial opinions into the creation of earth, is it possible for there to be a connection? The idea of disconnection between religion and science is not an unrealistic concept, as there are tensions dating back to the 1800’s between the churches and scientists regarding the creation of earth. The idea that the Sun orbited the Earth was accepted as true in the Bible, instead of the Earth orbiting the Sun.
Galileo studied Saturn, and noted its irregular ovular shape, but was unable to realise that it was caused by its rings due to his updated telescope being used to its magnification extent. He then found four large objects in space, which he noted were not stars, and were, in fact orbiting the planet Jupiter, and determined the time it took for one to orbit the planet. He also determined the speed to the rotation of the sun. He displayed proof that the Copernican theory was correct, and defended it. He wrote and published several books that lead to conflicts between him and the Roman Catholic
The Roman Catholic Church was naturally set as an opponent of the Scientific Revolution, not so much because of opposition to new ideas but instead because the new information contradicted the model of the world the church had created. Fortunately the revolution did not happen overnight but moderately over a 150-year period. Nicolaus Copernicus was one of the first astronomers to question the single worldview that the Christian faith supported. Though it was in the later years of his life that the he published On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres, the question was now raised as to the correctness of the mechanics of the world. In his writings, Copernicus was not able to accurately describe the revolutions of the Earth, Sun and Stars, but he was the first man to use mathematics and observation in order to create a more accurate picture of the universe.
The main assumption was that the universe operated geocentrically, that is, the planets and sun revolved around the Earth. The Church believed that since according to the Bible, God created man as “ruler” of the world, the Earth had to be the center of the universe (The History Channel: Galileo’s Battle for the Heavens). Besides, to the naked eye, the Earth did not seem to be rotating. Since the majority at that time heavily leaned towards empirical evidence, the flow of logic in regards to the rotation of the Earth seemed reasonable to them. However, it was curious and somewhat ironic how influential the Bible was in promulgating certain beliefs, since the book itself seemed contrary to empirical evidence in that it was thought to be divinely inspired.