The Scientific Method Of Science

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This book revolves around the idea that one does not have to be a scientist in order to use and appreciate the scientific method. The author, Carl Sagan uses the scientific method to debunk the very thought of demons, myths, gods, devils, and strange obsessions to the supernatural that he believes plagues humanity. Scientists explain this behavior in humans as an intellectual curiosity towards science, however it is pseudoscience. Pseudoscience is a collection of beliefs mistakenly regarded as being based on the scientific method. From this scientists have also come up with an art which they like to call the art of baloney detection. Sagan uses this throughout his book to debunk theories that many people in this society tend to believe, and it is where the phrase candle in the dark originated from. The meaning behind the phrase is that science emerged from the dark as a candle of light and hope in explaining many theories and myths. The chapter titled Science and Hope talks about a better way of understanding matters. For example, unidentified flying objects (also known as UFO’s) and aliens are one of the most popular myths known to man. Sagan explains that his interest in the possibility of extraterrestrial life has fascinated him since childhood. However, everything hinges on the matter of evidence and that evidence must be airtight. With this myth, there are only “eye-witness” accounts and that is not enough to prove that aliens truly do exist. Sagan continues to explain that people tend to play practical jokes and stretch the truth for money, attention, and fame. Many of UFO cases were very diverse in their observations making it hard to pinpoint an exact origin. As a result of this, the term UFO and “flying saucer” only confu... ... middle of paper ... ... the beginning of the trimester. The scientific method consists of systematic observation, measurement, experiment, and the formulation, testing, and modification of a hypotheses. On the other hand, a theory is a set of assumptions used to explain scientific observations. Theories do change over time which means that they are not always 100 percent true. My lasting impressions of this book is most definitely a positive one. Carl Sagan holds up science and democracy as a mutual supporting concept. Sagan also cites Frederick Douglass, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson as examples of literacy, and science literacy for supporting democracy. I would most definitely recommend this book to others. It contains a lot of facts that support Sagan’s claims and research towards the growth of superstition that leads to a broad trail of paranoia within the human race.
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