Critically Discuss the Use of the Scientific Method in Psychology This essay examines the advantages and disadvantages of using a method primarily for gathering research on human subjects that can be examined for later use. It will give a basic outline of the methods of investigation, their uses and their suitability. I will also look at the scientific method as a whole and examine the criticisms of this method using the writings of Hume and Popper. The first method I will look at is the rt method which is built upon collected data from surveys etc. Its main plus points being that it uses a much larger sample than the other methods because it takes less time to collate the results.
As much as I do not want to agree with him I feel as though he makes a convincing argument. Wright looks at the issue in a scientific way and says cheating is a perfectly logical and justifiable behavior because the desire to pass on one's genes is the most basic component in nature and life. Therefore, what better way then to attempt reproduction as many times with as many mates as possible. I agree with Wright’s contention that men are much more inclined to have a sexual fling than women and that men do not seem to consider intelligence as a factor when looking for a sex partner, but I feel that his argument is not as complete as it should be. I believe that in order to understand why some men and women cheat and some do not we first must understand the context in which their decisions are being made.
Sheik Black Hour 4 April, 16, 2014 English 11 Phycology is something that people want to understand but choose to ignore. This is why Psychology is one of the most interesting fields in the 21 centaury, because you can understand an individual at levels you did not even know existed. One of the other wonderful benefits of understanding basic psychology is that you can see in social situations why some people act the way they do and maybe change the attitude of the conversation to make the person feel more included and comfortable. The history of psychology is where we can see the fundamentals of the techniques we use in modern psychology. One of the most interesting thoughts of past psychological was that the blood, digestion and reproductive system were the cause of all mental disorders (1).
Others feel that this standard for treatments is much too confining for the complex field of psychology and that many good treatments cannot be backed by hard data. The American Psychological Association President Task Force on Evidence-Based Treatment came out with a plan for psychology that effectively maintains a high scientific standard but allows for a variety of research designs to be used in determining how to treat a patient. This plan of evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP) is a strong standard for psychology because it allows patients to receive science-backed treatment that is still personalized. EBPP “is the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture, and preferences” (APA Task Force 2006). The first major facet of EBPP is the use of the best available research.
However, combined, these two readings showed me something different. Science is full of human values, and it could not exist in another way. This is not exactly something bad, since sharing the truth would be a lot harder without honesty. In the other hand, when values are distorted - e.g. when evolutionists showed the scientifically proved superiority of white people above black people, or when scientists may have created scientific backgrounds for lunatics with eugenic theories -, values may produce bad influence over science.
However, the fact that neuroscience needs psychology is more difficult to establish. In this modern era of scientific advancements where much more is understood about the physiology of the brain, it is easy to think that neuroscience is all that matters when it comes to understanding the human mind. However, without psychology there is no application for neuroscience findings. One way to understand the relationship between psychology and neuroscience is to compare the brain to a computer and the mind to software, it would not make sense to mechanically take apart the hard drive of a computer to learn how to operate a computer program like Microsoft Office (Munger 2007). There are many complicated aspects of human behavior that psychology can study and isolate that neuroscience alone would miss.
Opponents have argued that randomized clinical trials are too narrow a type of study for psychology. A very valid point, this had been addressed in the new EBPP standard. Multiple types of research are included, ranging from public health and ethnographic research, to systematic case studies, to qualitative research, to meta-analyses (book 1). Using research-backed treatments cuts down on bias in treatment. Some psychologists argue that their experience is enough to know what works (Kendall 1998).
Although both of these predictions might be accurate, one will not fully understand unless there is more information linked to their arguments. According to trait theories in the book of Psychology, there are multiple theories that explain different types of possibilities to these behaviors, two of them are called Trait Theory and Social-Cognitive Theory. Based on the information provided in the textbook, trait theory states that every individual has different personalities due to the traits inherited by their maternal or paternal DNA. For instance, if a child or a grown adult is shy or talkative one is able to observe the person’s conscious thoughts and behaviors; therefore, one can imply that traits are essential when it applies to an individual’s personality, which is why everyone’s personality is different. Foreign psychologist Hans Eysenck and Sybil Eysenck, designed a chart full of different qualities to identify the various types of personalities.
They are very similar to Psychologist but they also have a few key differences that not many people know. If you have not taken a psychology class or had some kind of interaction with either of the two then I’m sure you would be confused. I am one of those people who like to question why someone thinks or does something and what they are thinking when they do it. When I think of stuff like that it just makes me get really excited. I think finding the pros was one of the easiest things to do because I enjoy studying
Furthermore, the last step of the ... ... middle of paper ... ...s that describe a certain set of information. Researchers are able to present data more precisely and clearly for other researchers to read and understand, which is another aspect that makes secondary data easier for others. In conclusion, the roles of research and statistics in the field of psychology are more important than many would think. The vast amount of information collected during a research study can become very confusing, so organizing it can help others to interpret it just as good as the one who gathered it in the first place. Works Cited Aron, A., Aron, E.N., & Coups, E. (2009).