In this essay I will explain what Schlieffen plan was and why it did not work step by step.It began when Germany declare war on Russia and France. However their allies Britain and Belgium stepped in to help while Austro-Hungary was alliance to Germany.
The Schlieffen plan had been created by Alfred Von Schlieffen but he had died before world war one started. The plan was meant to be foolproof. First of all, Germany planned to defeat France quickly by marching through Belgium before Russia could get involved. It was intended to avoid a war on two fronts. Germany believed that Russia would take six weeks to mobilize their troops. Germany would hold the French on the frontier with their weak forces and follow this by holding up Russian advance in the East with a small German army. Unfortunately, the Schlieffen plan had failed, I shall explain why the plan failed as follows.
Firstly, I will be writing about how Belgium put up resistance against Germany. The first plan is to defeat Belgium on 4th of August 1914 failed because the Belgian forces were unexpectedly able to hold up the German advance in a short period of time. It took them only 3 days to delay invasion. At this point, Germany had miscalculated the strength of Belgium forces. Even though germany used their “Big Bertha” artillery to destroy belgian forts in Liege, Namur and Antwerp, however, Belgium was still able to fight back which created a continuing threat to German supply lines in the north. The Belgians had sabotaged at a lightning speed on which the success of the Schlieffen plan was being rested.
Next I will talk about how the british army was more effective than Germany had expected. Germany though that Britain would not intervene to help the Belgium...
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...ronts, as planned. In my opinion, I think the changes made by the German generals were the worst tactics which contributed to the final failure of the Schlieffen plan. If the German generals had sued their initial plan, the French army would not have been able to retreat back to Paris, then the whole German forces would have been able to fight against the Russian front rather than having to sent part of their troops to fight against the Russian front rather than having to sent part of their troops to fight against British, Belgium and French as well,thus weakening their own ability to have victory.
- Neiberg, Michael S. "World War I." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 26 May 2014.
- Why Did the Schlieffen Plan Fail?" BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 26 May 2014.
- Trueman, Chris. "The Schlieffen Plan." The Schlieffen Plan. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2014.