By pointing out the faults of society, improvement is the most likely next step. Citizens should take advantage of utopian literature in order to better future societal conditions (Nelson 104). Because it is impossible to create a perfect society in which everyone’s needs can be met, society must analyze utopias in order to improve their existing environment. Plato’s Republic was the first “true” work considered to be utopian literature. In fact, the Republic influenced almost all later text written on the subject of utopia (Manuel 7).
It was one such voyage — a diplomatic mission from England — that More invented his ideas about a Utopian society. However, while More may have visualized the Utopian Islands as a perfect society, it is inarguable that the utilitarian society of Utopia was a criticism of the European world he saw around him. Thus, it is important for the readers to understand and respond to the specific time. There are many ways to view the utopian society; some may view it as the result of rational thought or Humanist beliefs, others as an alternative to feudalism, a statement in favour of communal society, or an effort to promote reform according to Christian values. The book Utopia is composed of two parts – the first written last, and the second written first.
Some among the Enlightenment, such as Voltaire, Rousseau and Montesquieu, caused the spirit of innovation and improvement to come and characterize modern Europe and Western Society. Although they were all philosophes, they had different philosophies about the purpose of life, the source of evil, and a perfect society. The first among the philosophes was Voltaire. His philosophy of life stated that if people cultivated their own garden, the world would be a better place. People would need to get rid of the weeds that harmed good and beauty.
In an essay titled “On the Influence of Enlightenment on Revolutions,” writer and editor Johann Tietftrunk made the argument that the history of every age gives us example of revolution. France itself had it been truly enlightened and would have never began its revolution or else certainly carried it out. Many modern writers agree with this agreement. They point out that the Enlightenment must be considered in context. Their hope for the future was a better world, one based on reason, sentiment, and respect for individual.
Enlightenment, which can be defined as a time when philosophers emphasized the use of reason to understand truth as well as the emergence of the belief that the power of human knowledge and reason can improve human society. Its scholars shared a critical style, a commitment to open-mindedness, and hostility to authority. These ideas influenced the conditions that would result in the French Revolution because they gave people the notion that they should have representation in their government. One enlightenment idea that was incorporated into these events was inalienable rights. This was John Locke’s idea of life, liberty, and property for all people.
“This Blessed House.” Interpreter of Maladies. Boston: Houghton, 1999. 135-157. Print. Mitra, Madhuparna.
This told us that democracy changed the world and turned a new leaf of history. Although democracy benefits the people, it might lose its power if a society could not fulfil the essentials. For example, if the countries are poorly civilized or developed, t... ... middle of paper ... ...it is believed that to be the end of history. Being established in 18th century, modern democracy became a gospel of the world. Blessing more and more places, laws and freedom became touchable for most of us.