Cicero's quote that in order to be truly content and limitless to the world, citizens must abide by the laws made by the Senate. "We are in bondage to the law..." suggests that as a group, the citizens of Rome were slaves to a greater influence, the laws that made Rome an exceptional kingdom. The laws made by the Senate were made to respect and protect the foundation of Rome and the interests of its people, "...in order that we may be set free." Cicero implies that, if the citizens of Rome follow the laws, they will be able to live their lives without being looked down upon by the rest of the citizens who follow the laws. In Cicero's political career, he held an important position in the Senate and was greatly respected.
Instead, they established a republic the Latin phrase res publica, which means “public affairs.” A republic is a form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders. (page 156) This innovation was one of the keys to success for the Roman Empire. The king was a tyrant and having no limits to his power did not make the empire peaceful. The innovation was to establish a republic so that the citizens could vote for their leader and could not be abused by the ruler. Rome had different laws and treatment for different parts of its conquered territory.
Only adult free Roman men were citizens.” The people got tired of this and challenged their government. By 451-449 BCE, Rome’s first codes of laws were created and called them the Twelve Tables. These sets of laws were created in order to protect the civil rights of the patricians and the plebeians. The plebeians requested laws that would be decoded fairly. “In 450 the code was formally posted, likely on bronze tablets, in the Roman Forum.
Some were even tarred and feathered and they had to defend for themselves from all the Americans. Most colonies were struggling through a major economic depression and just learning how to operate without the British Rules, this proved that the national government was too weak to deal with growing economic and political problems. The Articles of Confederation was signed on March 1781 and it lasted only 8 years. The purpose of the Articles of Confederation was to create a ruling that allowed each state to maintain its “sovereignty, freedom, and independence”. This made it were each state was independent and only the United States was responsible for Defenses on the country, and general welfare.
The entire government came to a stand still for a couple of weeks, and then Congress had to back off. They were not strong enough to override Clinton's veto (they would have needed a 2/3 majority). And of course, as already mentioned, the president exercises an immense influence on political life. Therefore, despite all the elements which may pester his existence, the president could rightly be called the most powerful man of the US, and thus, in today's situation, of the world.
Political parties played the game of making and breaking government, neglecting the task of writing the statue, which was the main objective of the assembly in the first place. Expected to have been completed in two years, the task remained unfinished even in four years. Well, serious issues like the form of government and nature of federalism – based on ethnic identity or viability – were there. But they could have been sorted out if the parties in government before the CA was dissolved had stuck to the last minute agreement thrashed out with the opposition. But these parties backed out of the understanding and dissolved the assembly.
His desire to retain authority put the Roman Empire at a risk for future civil wars amongst other generals. He aimed at reconstructing and restoring Rome, but in order to retain his power, Augustus had to make the restoration of peace and unity possible within the Roman population. Roman citizens craved for the same peace that had reigned before the civil war had begun, and were ready to support Augustus so long as he was ready and willing to preserve Rome and the privileges of the people. He agreed, making a tactical decision to return power to the Senate, subsequently abandoning his control of the provinces and the armies. However, his troops remained loyal to him and his financial power remained unrivaled throughout the Roman Republic.
After gaining independence, Americans created a unique government. Purposefully diverging from the seams of a monarchial government, Americans created a new one from the ideas of republicanism. Under the Articles of Confederation, the power was given to the states as opposed to a centralized government. However, this made it difficult to raise revenue. Without the power to tax, congress could not pay back debts.
The intentions of the Fathers was never to create a democracy, what they wanted to do was to allow people to vote for their representatives, so that those chosen would be able to make new additions to law as well as govern the rest and choose what would be for greater good, for everyone else, with good intentions and greater knowledge and wisdom. The Founding Fathers weren’t the first to come up with this idea, the Roman Republic fascinated them in every way, from their architecture, all the way down to their art, but what captured the attention of the Fathers was the form of government the Romans had. Although many Americans want to believe that we are a democracy because of “We the people”, to call it so would make them incorrect, because there is no such thing as being governed by the people, we fall through with being governed by others who we choose to
Overall it’s clear to see that the Roman Republic was more about the Roman people and what they desired, but the power, in both the empire and the republic, still stayed within the few people of high power. As you can tell from history, one of the main factors of the downfall was that the power became too concentrated and caused the Roman Republic to fall. The Roman Empire came to be because of what the senate let happen. By giving so much power to Octavian, the monarchy turned into an imperium. All together the empire and the republic were very successful in bringing Rome prosperity and expansion.