Romans had great advantages of the location of their residence, diplomatic attitudes and the right strategies in warfare. However they had struggles with the government establishment. They discriminated against plebians which at first helped in gaining land in return to promises of granting more rights to the plebians. Finally when democracy was established, the rich Aristocrats took over the land of Rome and used it only to their advantage. Thereafter, Caesars came along, and put an end to a democratic initiation.
The last of the kings of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus, was a dictator who opposed the people. Under the rule of the Etruscans Rome grew in importance and power. Great temples and impressive public works were built. Rome had become the largest and richest city in Italy. Period of Conquest It was only a tiny city-state, much like the city-states that were growing at the same time in Greece.
Citizenship is highly coveted in many nations, so coveted in fact that through only a few processes can one become a citizen for most nations, might that process be natural birth or naturalization. Citizenship and its privileges were also highly valued in Rome, except becoming a citizen was extremely difficult if not impossible. Roman citizenship also leads to assassinations and war within the Italian peninsula. There is a complex history to Roman citizenship. Roman citizenship dates back to the founding of Rome in 753 BC.
In the Ancient Roman Government the U.S. branches were one and the same. Another thing that they both have in common is that they both have a senate, and taxes, and mayors, and police. The Romans give us so much and even with the greeks, it seems as if the U.S. government is mostly made up of the Roman government. The U.S. government is a democracy built off of the bases of greek and roman government, both of which are more common than most realize. Through the attempt of recreating these two once great societies the United States has built what is now known as arguably the most stable government on the planet.
The Roman Republic was a great innovative idea, but it could not have been successful without the cooperation of the citizens. The citizens acted as the glue that kept the Republic together. In fact, the downfall of the Roman Republic started with the citizens. Even though the Roman Republic was a revolutionary style of government which brought great benefits to Rome and its citizens, it still could not stand the test of time. The republic system of government underwent a painful and violent transition from a responsible oligarchy to a more chaotic form of government.
In fact by the end of the first century even the Roman Emperor, need not have been of roman blood. One aspect that greatly differed in terms of the empire and republic was the Empire’s ability to promote the class of an individual. Anyone could gain move up in the class system. This greatly aided society as it made revolts less common and all people under the empire’s rule were appeased, at least to a certain extent (“The Roman Empire”). This was perhaps their greatest improvement and one of the Empire’s strongest points.
(Bishop) Although the goal of creating a republic was to have a government that represented the wishes of its people, the Roman senate consisted of men of wealth or power, leaving most of the plebeians, or common people, out of the picture. Many of the emperors’ policies strengthened the power of the government, and therefore weakened the power of the plebeians. By the end of Sulla’s rule in 78 B.C., grain prices had risen substantially and there was large gap between the rich and poor. (“The Rise of…”) When Julius Caesar took power, he initiated several reforms that were much needed at the time. Caesar spent large volumes of money on entertaining the citizens, while expanding citizenship to people of conquered lands and lessening the power of the senate.
People from the Roman provinces streamed to Rome, where they became soldiers, bureaucrats, senators, and even emperors. Rome developed into the social, economic, and cultural capital of the Mediterranean world. Despite the attention given to tyrannical and often vicious leaders like the emperors Caligula and Nero, most emperors ruled sensibly and competently until military and economic disasters brought on the political instability of the 3rd century ad. The Roman Empire encompassed a huge amount of territory, but also allowed people of many different cultures to retain their heritage into modern times.
They created most of the cultural and political foundations for most of East Asia. To this day, the Han Dynasty is still known as “The Golden Age.” Both empires fell because of internal issues yet the exact reasons for their fall varied. The Roman Empire also made strong advancements in science and technology and they produced engineering accomplishments better than the Han. This Empire founded a legal code that is used today and they influenced technology and infrastructure that would help their successors. In conclusion, there were many differences between the famous Han Dynasty and Roman Empire however, these eras are both considered to be some of the strongest and most advanced generations.
The Roman government at this time was an autocracy government (Roman). After the rule of Augustus, a few emperors came around but no one that made a big impact of the history of Rome until Pompey the Great (Historical). Pompey the Great was the ruler of Rome right before Julius Caesar was elected. The first triumvirate was actually composed of Pompey the Great and Julius Caesar along with Crassus (Historical). Julius Caesar gained popularity in the 60’s BC (Historical).