Cicero was unable to think on the level of Aristotle's logic. He quite simply used roman history as a mapping of the paths of the decay of states. In contrast, Aristotle understood the underlying forces and influences that transpired when a state degraded. Cicero quite frankly could not understand the forces which Aristotle so eloquently denoted. For Cicero, history offered the only possible paths of outcomes; the forces and behaviors played little part on the resulting state.2 A further point of philosophical belief which Cicero contradicted the stoic lifestyle, is religion.
The Continental Congress controlled public affairs, but the Articles of Confederation neglected to grant the Congress power to enforce laws or unify the States. Under the Articles, the United States lacked a solid monetary system to ensure that taxes would be paid and to protect commerce, both nationally and foreign trade. Also, without leading national figure, the strong unity America gained during the Revolutionary War began to diminish along with the nations overall strength. Being that Congress had only the power to recommend actions to the states, the Articles were incompetent. Law and recommendations could not be further enforced by Congress.
In Rome, kings were not well remembered and people worried that Julius Caesar was becoming as a king. The Senate especially was worried that Caesar was ignoring them and their suggestions for Rome. Rome was a republic at the time and no man was to rule alone, but Caesar had begun to just that. All laws in Rome were passed by the Senate. ( Van Der Crabben, Jan. ) Caesar used his popularity to create allies and pass only the laws that he saw fit.
Augustine explained that the Roman gods were never there to support the empire in times of need. He argued “Where, then, were those gods whom people falsely think should be worshiped in order to gain the brief and deceptive enjoyment of this world?” If the gods were never
Alexander Hamilton tried to make sure there wasn't too much when he advocated for the Electoral College. All through history, even before America, political minds have warned against too much democracy. Tyranny by majority, the uninformed, the undecided; they all contribute to too much democracy. One of the greatest problems America faces is the uninformed voter. Jonah Goldberg wrote an article in which he said, "The ignorance of the typical American when it comes to politics is often staggering."
In Howsam’s text, she portrays the i-Generation as willing to work with primary texts to draw their own conclusions. I do not agree with her premise because it only portrays a portion of the generation. Americans during my grandparent’s generation faced a climate of global instability and fear of internal collapse experienced by other nations. After witnessing the collapse of governments and how anarchy bred tyrannies in countries such as Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany, Americans did not want to lose the freedoms and glory they had. Changes in government came about due to unrest in the populace.