The Roman Empire The people were happy. This is the underlying cause of the astounding length of time and space that the Roman Empire occupied most of the known western land. Great rulers met their downfall when they put their own status in front of the well being of the people they govern. When the citizens are left high and dry and not regarded as important to their society then this is when there is an overthrow of power and a new ruler comes into play. Citizens had a place in politics, they have lots of entertainment, they had the best army in the world to protect them, and Rome was the place to live and would be that way for many years.
But Tarquinius was a particularly terrible king, he’s famous for using violenece and intimidation tactics to control the Roman pop... ... middle of paper ... ...ned into provinces and taxed which resulted in a lot of money for Rome. However, if Hannibal had never made it to Macedonia the Romans may not have fought them. But, the Romans still wanted to keep expanding so even if Hannibal hadn’t made it to Macedonia the Romans still could have had some problems with the Macedonians. Rome became all powerful and the biggest force in the Mediterranean so how could it fail? A combination of things led to its downfall such as religious divide, politics, and the economics of Rome.
The Roman Republic was a great innovative idea, but it could not have been successful without the cooperation of the citizens. The citizens acted as the glue that kept the Republic together. In fact, the downfall of the Roman Republic started with the citizens. Even though the Roman Republic was a revolutionary style of government which brought great benefits to Rome and its citizens, it still could not stand the test of time. The republic system of government underwent a painful and violent transition from a responsible oligarchy to a more chaotic form of government.
Overall it’s clear to see that the Roman Republic was more about the Roman people and what they desired, but the power, in both the empire and the republic, still stayed within the few people of high power. As you can tell from history, one of the main factors of the downfall was that the power became too concentrated and caused the Roman Republic to fall. The Roman Empire came to be because of what the senate let happen. By giving so much power to Octavian, the monarchy turned into an imperium. All together the empire and the republic were very successful in bringing Rome prosperity and expansion.
(Bishop) Although the goal of creating a republic was to have a government that represented the wishes of its people, the Roman senate consisted of men of wealth or power, leaving most of the plebeians, or common people, out of the picture. Many of the emperors’ policies strengthened the power of the government, and therefore weakened the power of the plebeians. By the end of Sulla’s rule in 78 B.C., grain prices had risen substantially and there was large gap between the rich and poor. (“The Rise of…”) When Julius Caesar took power, he initiated several reforms that were much needed at the time. Caesar spent large volumes of money on entertaining the citizens, while expanding citizenship to people of conquered lands and lessening the power of the senate.
The Roman Empire When the ancient Greeks were reaching the height of their glory, the power of Rome, to the west, was slowly rising. The Romans were best in warfare, engineering, and government. Rome rose to power gradually, with no set plan for world conquest. The Romans fought many wars and enslaved many people. By the time of Augustus, shortly before Christ, most of the known world was unified and at peace under Roman rule.
In fact most of the Macedonian emperors caused many problems from reversing economic policies, sparking religious controversy, and letting the empire’s land holdings erode but because of the massive popularity of the dynasty allowed this to happen without a thought of a revolt. Unfortunately the lasting impact of the Macedonian Dynasty was failure instead of success. Matters of the military were somewhat successful during the Macedonian dynasty itself, but even the successes would leave openings for later problems to occur. Basil I saw moderate success in Italy and Asia Minor however the city of Syracuse fell to the Arabs in 878 (Gregory 2010, 247). Unfortunately Leo VI’s reign was less successful in military matters than his father’s reign.
From this we learn that Marius was not only supported by the people, but he was opposed by the higher class, and more important figures in Roman society.. The picture that Plutarch paints gives the impression that Marius gained his consulship in ways that were unconventional, much like the nature of the consulship itself. Breaking the mold like this paved the way for more fortunate ambitious men, like Sulla and Caesar, as he was showing that great power could be achieved without necessarily adhering to the preference of the
“Caesar had not fought the Civil War in order to reform the republic, and in spite of what Cicero and others later ... ... middle of paper ... ...im the army would not have enough courage or hope to go any further. It takes a skilled politician and an ambitious military genius to make a great army that can conquer it all. Julius Caesar was a great dictator and will always remain in the hearts of the people of Rome. His greatest skill was as a military commander. He conquered many lands and made many new reforms that benefitted many people.
Rome had different laws and treatment for different parts of its conquered territory. The neighbouring Latins on the Tiber became full citizens of Rome. In territories father from Rome, conquered peoples enjoyed all the rights of Roman citizenship except the vote. (page 158) This innovation was important for making the empire become a success because the lenient policy towards the conquered prevented resistance from them and helped them be content. Except for the voting custom, they could feel like a real citizen.