The Roles Of Information Technology In Information And Communication Technology

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It is impossible to discuss electronic information retrieval skills without taking into account Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Despite the coming of the information age with the internet and other technologies, many universities lecturers lack the information and communication technology (ICT) literacy skills needed to navigate and use the surplus of information available today (Akinnagbe & Baiyeri, 2011). Lowe and McAuley (2002) defined information and communication technology literacy as the skills and abilities that will enable the use of computers and related information technologies to meet personal, and educational goals. In addition, Ebijuwa (2005) defined ICT as tools used for collection, processing, storage, transmission,…show more content…
UNESCO (2007), advanced that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) refers to any technology that can be used to transmit, process, store, create, display, share or exchange information by electronic means. This include such technologies as telephone, television, radio, video, DVD, satellite systems, and computer and network hardware and software, as well as the equipment and services associated with these technologies, such as videoconferencing, e-mail and blogs. In addition, Unagha (2006) cited in Arinze, Okonkwo, and Iwunor (2012) stated that it is concerned with the technology used in handling, acquiring, processing, storing and dissemination of information. Thus Information Communication Technology is any technology used in producing, organizing and passing information through. This is in line with the UNESCO (2007) concept of ICT. Similarly, Oxford Advanced Learners ‘Dictionary sees ICT as electronic media used in processing, analyzing, storing and sending out information, they are used to support teaching, learning and research activities (Vajargah, Jahani & Azadmanesh…show more content…
Digital collection can simplify the process, and make it easier for instructors to compare early and later drafts of academic work side-by-side without going scanning through large volume of paper work.
6. Digital collection mitigates the need to carry and manage stacks of student work, saves paper and permits faculty to set submission deadlines outside of class time.
7. Collecting and returning student work digitally allows lecturer to streamline the process of returning graded work while also ensuring that it is secure.
8. There now exists ICT facilities which make it possible for instructors to insert pre- written margin comments digitally, which ensures that the comments are legible, while reducing the time it takes instructors to write the same comment over and over on multiple papers which makes the explanations easy for the students to understand the feedback and reduce extensive writing by the lecturer.
9. There are other facilities that provide automatic check on students' written work against a database of student papers and online works for plagiarism, thus discouraging student from
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