Overall the natives felt that these foreigners were being invasive and didn’t like that they had to convert and get rid of their gods and traditions. The Spanish and French push for conversion among the Native Americas was a major mark in early American history. The missionaries came to convert the pagan Indians and bring to them the laws of Jesus Christ. Some of the missionaries had success and others had the very opposite, which lead to war. Some natives were eventually accepting of the French and Spanish and some were not.
Although the Church England was no longer in compliance with the Roman Catholic Church, it nevertheless, remained Roman Catholic in looks and feel. The one major change Henry implemented was the dissolution of the monasteries and convents. Since the monastic orders owed allegiance to the Pope, Henry could not tolerate them in England. Henry confiscated their land and wealth and distributed it to his supporters. In contrast to his father, Henry, Edward VI allowed sweeping changes within the Church of England.
The idea that the practices of the church such as indulgences went against the humanist approach led to the break out of reformation. According to Professor Shegan, Martin Luther (1483-1546) one of the reformers did understand that the church held some sort of key for people to go to heaven. However, Luther despised the Catholic Church sacraments most especially the ideal of infant baptism. This is one of the reasons why reformation seemed to be harmful to the Catholic Church as it created a schism. Professor Shegan in lecture 4, also elaborated how Luther despised the teaching of salvation from the catholic church.
The Spaniards methods and strategies to convert Indians to Christianity moved from a pacified one more brutal and violent. Since the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the New World, it was clear that the mission of the Spaniard... ... middle of paper ... ...pt of living had to be reconstructed. This attempt supported even more the Indians believed that the Spaniards were harsh individuals. Franciscans efforts to Christianized the indigenous population became a problem for other Dominican missionaries because they believed that Christianization of the Indians was only a superficial conversion and that Indians were secretly committing religious acts that were not Christians. Their attempts to evangelize natives were not convincing to other people that believe that their approach was too pacified and a stronger enforcement had to be implemented in order to convert Indians fully .
The inability to naturalize colonial identities as explicated by postcolonial theorists applies to one of the central contradictions in the Puritan missions to Christianize the Indians in New England. The Puritans wanted to convert the Indians to Christianism in efforts to “save” them. People who fit the characteristics of the society the Puritans wanted, where the people who fit into the Body Politic.
Europeans who opposed the harsh treatment of Indians believed that conquistadors were not exploring the New World in order to spread Christianity. In Las Casas words, the conquistadors tended to “act like thieves, cut-throats, and plunderers… to drive the gentlest of people headlong into despair”
Therefore, Bartolome feels it is not right to treat Indians in these ways not only based on Christian religions, but also human’s basic rights. Zinn also exposes that Bartolome has always been devoting his life to help the Indians to get rid of tyranny from alien invaders like Spain. He thinks tyranny is unjust and cruel to Indian people, and they should not deserve it. Moreover, Zinn points out under tyranny, Indian people overworked and ravenous. Many of them died, and the number of Indians population is decreasing quickly.
The Igbo people also lost their culture because of many unreasonable conceptions in their spirituality. To colonize the land of Nigerian tribal people or any other lands in the world, the British wisely used religion as a tool of invasion. Though the process of spreading Christianity took longer time than war and killing, the attack on belief and spirituality made the native people completely submit to the new government which generated and supported the religion that those people followed. In fact, the British missionaries succeeded in convincing the Igbo people of the new religion despite the Igbo’s conservativeness and extreme superstition. When the missionaries arrived in Mbanta, the mother land of Okonkwo, they did not achieve their goal of convincing people at the first time.
The land and the tribute that was required of the Pueblos increased hostilities as forced labor was introduced. Two vastly differing beliefs regarding religion added to the mix. Spanish soldiers and priests were intent on converting the Pueblo Indians to Christianity and prevented the Pueblo Indians from communing with their gods. It is no surprise that all of these factors led to uprising and revolt. References John L. Kessel, Pueblos Spaniards and the Kingdom of New Mexico.
Due to such development the powerful Catholic Church was formed creating its own interpretation of Christianity, which contributed to even more converters of the faith. Works Cited Backman, Clifford R. The Cultures of the West: A History. New York: Oxford UP, 2013. Print. "Medieval Sourcebook: Augustine: On the Two Cities."