Both the folk healing and biomedical practices strive to help heal patients, improve lives and end suffering. Each practice has developed and utilizes its own traditions and specific methods to serve its community. They are strongly similar as they both rely on the authority of the healer/doctor to heal patients. However, they do differ widely in procedure and in developing social and cultural authority. In studying and analyzing the differences, medical anthropologists are able to develop preventative systems and identify solutions to epidemic outbreaks that best fit within the cultural context of different communities.
The website is ideal for the health care administrator that wants to stay connected to their peers via networking. The Hastings Center http://www.thehastingscenter.org/Default.aspx is a research based organization dedicated to bioethics. The websites features publications and articles relevant to the ethical issues of today in the arena of clinical trials involving human subjects. Not every organization is equipped to conduct clinical trials, but an astute health care administrator should stay up to date on the advancements made in medicine to better serve his or her patient population.
Public health is often described as having the population or community as its patient, in contrast to the individual-level focus of clinical medicine. The more focus on the community creates a natural foundation for team building between public health and anthropology. This becomes the primary focus on the study of people in groups, and especially in local communities. WHO(1948) defines Public health as the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals. Wolf (1994) defines anthropology as the study of humankind, past and present.
Every individual of every race and culture look for the easiest methods to be healthy and if they get sick, they start looking for the alternate ways to regain their health. Holistic health is an alternate approach to acknowledge that health depends on the wellness of the whole body, mind and spirit. In holistic health, a person is the responsible for her own treatment depending on his or her choice and belief. Holistic health would increase the further steps to approach the prevention and healing process of the illness in current health care system and will be effective to provide the better treatment for the patients.
A state of being and becoming an integrated whole that supports the person and environment reciprocally (Roy, 2009; Parse, 1987). As previously mentioned I look at the person as a whole and not only what the patient was admitted for but how their cancer diagnosis affects their life and the impact it has on their family. Social justice addresses human rights, equity and allocating fair distribution of resources and responsibilities (CNA, 2009). This is also important in my nursing practice in ensuring all patients receive the best possible care equally and to eliminate biases. The concept of nursing as a discipline develops and enhance knowledge about human experiences through research and theories, which is the “scientific guide to living the art of nursing” (Parse, 1999, p.275).
Overall, medical practice is performed when physicians identify health concerns, including diseases, mental disorders, and physical injuries, and provide a treatment for their patients in order to properly cure them of their maladies. The appropriate basis for medical practice is a combination of physicians’ knowledge acquired from scientific research and education, and ethical considerations regarding the wellbeing of patients. Additionally, if no scientific support is available, patients must rely on intuition and experience in order to make a proper diagnosis. On the whole, science plays a major role in the realm of medicine, as it is the foundation for the creation of new treatments and education. Science is defined as “…research firmly based upon one or more past scientific achievements, achievements that some particular scientific community acknowledges for a time as supplying the foundation for its further practice” (Kuhn 70).
Cultural competence like so many other social constructs has been defined in various ways. One particular definition as determined by the Office of Minority Health states cultural competence is a set of behaviors, attitudes, and policies that are systematically exercised by health care professionals which enables the ability to effectively work among and within cross-cultural situations (Harris, 2010). Betancourt (2005) implied cultural competence is starting to be seen as a real strategy to help with improving healthcare quality and eliminating the injustices pertaining to healthcare delivery and healthcare access. This appeal is gaining favor from healthcare policy makers, providers, insurers and
Nursing As a Science and an Art Nursing is a medical profession that involves the care and management of patients majorly in the hospital setting. This paper seeks to illustrate the fact that nursing is both a science and an art. Nursing is a science because it involves evidence based practice, education of the public, lifelong learning for the nurse and administrative roles that are allocated to the nurses. Nursing is also an art because nurses depend on intuition, have the capacity to promote positive change, are understanding and culturally sensitive. Nursing entails self- directed and cooperative health care for the society at large in all contexts.
This is mai... ... middle of paper ... ...ning. Ultimately, patients and the community will be the beneficiaries of the education provided by the medical teachers . Quality of medical education that the medical students receive will impact strongly on how well they will be equipped with the skills and attitudes to subsequently function as competent and caring doctors who can improve the health care delivered to their patients . In a nutshell, our current medical education requires a huge shift from orthodox syllabus, process of teaching and educational policy to student friendly, research oriented, flexible education that embraces new studies with the changing demands of the medical system. Working collaboratively, we can pave the way for a stronger health care system and healthier nation through inclusion of health education services for economical anticipation, wellness, and disease management.
Cultural Sensitivity and Cultural Competence In Prevention and Intervention Programming Culturally competent care is care that respects diversity in the patient population, and cultural factors that affect health and health care, such as language, communication styles, attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs. The national CLAS Standards provide the blueprint to implement such appropriate services to improve health care in the United States. The standards cover many areas, such as leadership, workforce, governance; communication and language assistance; organizational engagement, continuous improvement, and accountability. (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2014). There is a lack of conceptual clarity with cultural