Introduction Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) refers to a tool that assists in limiting the potential environmental damage of various developments that are undertaken in an area (Handley & Handley, 2001). Other researchers and scholars consider EIA as a key aspect of many large-scale planning applications; whereby, the EIA is used as the technique that help developers understand the potential environmental impacts of any major development proposal (Wathern, 1988). EIA entails information gathering practice that is carried out by both the developer and other relevant bodies to enable the Local Planning Authority appreciate the potential environmental effects of any form of development before giving directions on its commencement or stoppage (Dougherty & Hall, 1995; Wathern, 1988). Therefore, EIA can simply be described as the scientific and public consultation process that helps identify the potential impacts of any proposed project on the environment; that is, the biophysical component of the physical environment.
Environmental impact assessment (EIA) entails a multifaceted appraisement of the possible aftermath caused by a project or action on the surrounding man-made and natural environment (Wood, 2003). This systematic process requires the involvement of all interested stakeholders in the process and the public, in order to achieve a widespread consent on the planned project and mitigation strategies proposed [European Commission (EC), 2014].
... of the world’s population resides in urbanized areas, consequently population growth and possible conservation harms require advanced approaches for city planners and ecologists to maintain sustainable development in these rapidly shifting areas (Chesapeake Bay Foundation, 2004). Landscape structure can be investigated and analyzed over time. With the results of calculating landscape metrics, human effects can be distinguished on the landscapes over time, therefore the landscape condition can be determined. Additionally, planning seeks to optimize the distribution of land uses in a limited space. In order to make assessments, planners need extensive, comprehensive understanding about the causes and effects of these processes. The metrics provide numerical data on landscape, allowing the landscape structure and landscape change can be analyzed (Leitão et al. 2006).
Participation by the public, amongst other things, is crucial to the success of the EIA process.
The land use within the watershed is diverse, comprised of lands ranging from mixed urban, agricultural, forested, wetland, and rural residential, commercial and industrial. Agricultural land covers approximately fifty-two percent of the watershed and forested lands occupy forty percent. The remaining eight percent is a mix of developed land, non-developed, wetlands...
Introduction Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is assessment of impacts on the environment due to proposed activity and finding ways to mitigate the environmental impacts. These impacts are assessed based on many components such as environmental, socio-economic, cultural and human-health aspects. EIA is standardly defined as the study of impact on environment of proposed action like policy, plan or project. It is a process of anticipating or establishing the changes in the physical, ecological and socio-economic components of the environment before, during and after an impending developmental project so that undesirable effects, if any can be mitigated.
A Social Impact Assessment (SIA) can be defined as a process of analyzing, predicting, evaluating and managing the intentional and unintentional consequences of the human environment associated with a proposed plan or project (Barbour, 2007). It is important to assess the social consequences that can follow a proposed plan or activity. It can alter the way in which people live, work and even relate to each other and can affect their livelihoods. A SIA can be undertaken outside of the relevant National Environmental Policy framework, and as a process has the potential to contribute greatly to the planning process. The process of SIA aims to identify the anticipated social impacts that may develop as a result of social change. It involves characterizing
Geographers plan new communities, decide where new highways should be placed, and establish evacuation plans. Computerized mapping and data analysis is known as Geographic Information Systems (GIS), a new frontier in geography. Spatial data is gathered on a variety of subjects and input onto a computer. GIS users can create an infinite number of maps by requesting portions of the data to plot.