If those living a life of poverty suffered and worked a little harder, perhaps they might experience a life of wealth too. This was a very different viewpoint from the Marxist who saw the suffering of the working class as a result of the unfair and random distribution of wealth. The two images show the contrast between the beliefs and ideas of Marxism and Socialism. Both believe that they have the solution to the problems of the Industrialist society and vehemently believe that the other is wrong. Marxism and Socialism were both responses to Industrialization and played a huge role in shaping the ideas of society.
Marx wrote the “Manifesto of Class Struggle” which is between the upper class and the lower class. Lower class was known as the proletariat and their labor through the means of production. Higher class is known as the bourgeoisie they are the dominant class that deprived the lower class of their lively hood. Political institutions shaped the society according to their own happiness. The world expanded through industrialization, means of production and exchange and capitalism.
Proletariat vs. Bourgeoisie in Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels attempt to explain the reasons for why there is class struggle and suggest how to prevent class separation. According to Marx there are two different types of social classes: the bourgeoisies and the proletarians. The bourgeoisie are capitalists who own the means of production and the proletarians are the working classes who are employed by the bourgeoisies. Due to their wealth, the bourgeoisies had the power to control pretty much of everything and the proletarians had little or no say in any political issues. According to Marx, the proletarians population would increase and they would eventually rise above the bourgeoisie and hold a revolt against them.
Sociology Research Assignment Karl Marx bourgeoisie and proletariat Marx was focussed on two main classes; the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie was the wealthy upper class who were often factory owners, Marx classified them as the class that owned the means of production. The proletarians were the class of workers, they used their labor power to be paid a wage to allow them to survive. Marx argued that the capitalist bourgeois harshly exploited the proletariat.The two classes were dependant on each other as a source of employment and a source of labor. The relationship between the two classes is based on exploitation and class conflict.
Class can be described as having three categories; Ruling class, middle class, and working class. Marx has asserted that classes have formed as a result of capitalism. Capitalism, and the competition it entailed, forced the members of society into two groups: workers (the proletariat) and capitalists (the bourgeoisie) (Marx, 1978). It can be stated that, the class in which an individual is placed in is a direct result of their socio-economic status. There are multiple elements included in Marx’s theory of class to depict the way in which class is viewed by individuals in society.
Marx’s Alienation of Labour There is deep substance and many common themes that arose throughout Marx’s career as a philosopher and political thinker. A common expressed notion throughout his and Fredrick Engels work consists of contempt for the industrial capitalist society that was growing around him during the industrial revolution. Capitalism according to Marx is a “social system with inherent exploitation and injustice”. (Pappenheim, p. 81) It is a social system, which intrinsically hinders all of its participants and specifically debilitates the working class. Though some within the capitalist system may benefit with greater monetary gain and general acquisition of wealth, the structure of the system is bound to alienate all its participants.
Labour power makes capitalist to take advantage of proletarians who do not own anything and work for them in order to survive. In the capitalist societies there is inequality in income between rich and poor, especially in wages and the distribution of money. Also Marx argues for the exploitation of the working class by the bourgeois and tries to keep surplus value that benefits them. Capitalist is a system of class struggles in order to survive, it created conflicts amongst others and humans see other humans as competitions. As I mention above the critiques of Marx is still relevant in capitalist societies, for instance United States, where there is a lot of inequality and different classes.
The idea of Marxism came about as a rejection to capitalism. Marx is associated with the idea of establishing a classless society. Under the capitalist society there was a class struggle between the working and owning class. The owning class exploited the working class by making them dependent on the owning class for survival. The working class was dependent on the ownin... ... middle of paper ... ...uation M-C-M is associated with the owning/ruling class because they make money through the transfer of money.
This damage is basically alienation of labor. Labors are being fundamentally alienated from production, production process, man’s species being and also from other men. Those are the alienation steps of workers in capitalist world. According to communist theory Marx believes that in such system society divides into two different classes; on one hand there are property owners so called bourgeoisie and on the other hand property less workers so called proletariats. For Marx the class stratification that driven from private ownership causes to alienate workers from the existence world.
He also states that this class conflict sometimes leads to "...the common ruin of the contending classes" (Marx 9). Marx sees the modern age as being distinguished from earlier periods by the simplification and intensification of the class conflict. He states that "Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps... bourgeoisie and proletariat" (Marx 9). The bourgeoisie, as the dominant class of capitalists, subjugates the proletariat by using it as an object for the expansion of capital. As capitalism progresses, this subjugation reduces a larger portion of the population to the proletariat and society becomes more polarized.