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The Role Of Water In Ancient Mesopotamia

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It has come to my realization that water played remarkable role during civilization of Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was used for irrigation, drinking, resources, construction and trade. It because of water that the cities first appeared in Mesopotamia and along Indus. So the history of the above mentioned areas started because of the availability of water at the beginning.
The people of ancient Mesopotamia were highly fortunate in that they were sandwiched between two sizable rivers, the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. Hence the name Mesopotamia which denotes an area in the middle of two rivers, and that was true of the region. The two rivers not only served as plentiful sources of water, but they also made for extremely lush flat lands, both of
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The Euphrates River was a little over 1,700 miles in length, while the Tigris River was a bit shorter at approximately 1,200 miles. Canals in Mesopotamia were also common sources of water. Canals, along with the two rivers, were actually were predominant water supplies in Mesopotamia for a lengthy period of time, all the way into the first millennium B.C. The Euphrates and Tigris rivers flooded from time to time. This was actually helpful in that it delivered valuable nourishment to the dirt in the lowlands right by the rivers. This also enhanced farming in the area.

Archaeological excavations starting in the 1840s CE have revealed human settlements dating to 10,000 BCE in Mesopotamia that indicate that the fertile conditions of the land between two rivers allowed an ancient hunter-gatherer people to settle in the land, domesticate animals, and turn their attention to agriculture. Trade soon followed, and with prosperity came urbanization and the birth of the
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Whichever kingdom or empire held sway across Mesopotamia, in whatever historical period, the vital role of the gods in the lives of the people remained undiminished. This reverence for the divine characterized the lives of both the field worker and the king.
The historian Helen Chapin Metz writes:’’The precariousness of existence in southern Mesopotamia led to a highly developed sense of religion. Cult centers such as Eridu, dating back to 5000 BCE, served as important centers of pilgrimage and devotion even before the rise of Sumer. Many of the most important Mesopotamian cities emerged in areas surrounding the pre-Sumerian cult centers, thus reinforcing the close relationship between religion and
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