Providing extremely fertile soil is one, if not the most important, roles the Nile River played in the life of the ancient Egyptians. By providing fertile soil, the Nile made it easy for cities and civilizations to grow alongside the banks of the river. This fertile soil comes from the annual flooding of the Nile. This replenishes the top soil with silt deposits that hold much needed nutrients for crops to grow. Ancient Egyptians developed highly complex irrigation methods to maximize the effect of the Nile waters.
Planted in this fertile soil, crops grew abundantly and allowed for the facilitation and development of surpluses. Beginning about 5000 B.C.E., farming had already been instituted along the banks of the Nile. But it wasn't until later (3200 B.C.E.) that real agricultural advances occurred. Encouraged by the stability of their farming, the Egyptians were able to develop surpluses in the area.
The land around the river would be very fertile and so would be used for farming. Farmland always needed to be irrigated; the Romans would irrigate the banks of the River Ver and use the river water to keep the land moist. When the Romans found the original site, which became Verulamium, there was already a Catuvellauni tribe settled there. The Catuvellauni had established a large village named Wheathampstead and was the capital of the Celtic people. This would be important for the choice of the site because the Romans knew that the land was fertile enough to grow crops and the water was drinkable because the Catuvellauni tribe had managed to survive there.
The inundation was very important because it was the vehicle which brought minerals, and thus fertility to the Egyptian soil. As the waters gathered and grew high,... ... middle of paper ... ... examples of cow cults found in the Old Kingdom. Egypt was a thriving agricultural civilization during the Old Kingdom; however, one must keep in mind that none of this would have been possible without the Nile River. The Nile was the source of all life in Egypt. It provided the minerals, humidity and water for the field crops, it provided the grazing grounds for the cattle, it was an area that yielded various species of fish and birds, and it was the source of life.
This lead to a food surplus and a stable society. Also, it was easy to travel on the Nile which helped King Mene unify Egypt for the first time in 3100 BCE. Egypt had the best natural boundaries of all the river valleys. They were surrounded by the Saharan desert to the east, west, and south. To the north lay only the Mediterranean Sea.
The Nile River gifted Egypt with an abundance of goods used for economic purposes. It also helped shape the Egyptians’ religious point of view on life and death. Social advancements also came with the provision of the Nile River. The Nile River was the key to social growth in Egypt. First of all, the Nile protected
This allowed Tiryns to have good farming, good trade, from the sea and road as the Argolid was a key trade route and an easily defendable city. Mycenae also lay on top of a naturally defendable hill, over looking a fresh water supply. To both sides of the city, lay large mountains, providing more fortifications for the city. Both cities' walls were surrounded by fertile soil suitable for farming, with good irrigation because of the slopes. The geographical specifics of the two cities are very alike, allowing both cities to become very prosperous through farming and trade.
The Nile was a blessing to many of the residents living near it. The floods brought plenty of soil onto the banks of the river which helped with lots of agriculture and producing crops. This was a “gold mine” for farmers. Without the Nile, Ancient Egypt may have never existed. The Social impact on the Nile was very important and necessary.
The digging of ditches and canal benefitted the economy by allowing the irrigation of massive crop fields which led to a surplus of resources. These waterworks project required a massive labor force which shows how cities unified and worked together to accomplish such tasks. In conclusion, the need to obtain a steady supply of water has affected the development of ancient civilizations in many aspects and it continues to influence our society today.
Mesopotamia is made up of two regions, northern and southern. The Northern Mesopotamia was rich of fertile soil and it has the river flow often, so it made up hill and plains . They also farmed. Anyways, Both of the civilizations were established and surrounded by water, and it in the middle east and north Africa which is the greatest similarities between the two civilizations. I think the similarities and differences of the location and how they are living have big influences in their culture.