Thousands of Greeks died during that war which was triggered by Agamemnon’s anger. In the Iliad Homer gives a good example of a bad king. Of a king who impulsively started the most murderous ancient war because of his anger and wrath. Homer wants to teach his people by pointing out this impulsive decision that Agamemnon had made. The Achilles’ rejection of participating in the Trojan war is also can be used as an example of a rush and unthinking action.
The gods in power, like Zeus, exhibit bias, dishonor, betrayal, deception, and many other humanly characteristics. One memorable scene is when Zeus and Poseidon are in conflict with each other over the Achaens versus the Trojans. Zeus controls the battle by “lifting the famous runner Achilles’ glory higher,” (Homer 13: 404). Zeus plays both sides in this scene, acting like a double agent which is dishonorable. Zeus’s bias is prevalent throughout the poem; specifically, he is “bent on wiping out the Argives, down to the last man,” (Homer 12: 81-82).
The great warrior Achilleus arrogantly attempts to desecrate the corpse of Hektor. Paris, one of the weakest members of the Trojan army, kills Achilleus. Odysseus is punished according to his craftiness. Therefore, these characters from The Iliad are punished according to their misdeeds.
The gods, particularly Apollo, takes great offence to this and decides to put Oedipus back in his place by punishing him and his state. (Mannani 2005) The punishment of the state is a se... ... middle of paper ... ...his blood cannot be cleansed by anyone but the gods and his religion. In conclusion, Oedipus's fate is his destruction in the chain of being, the ultimate cleansing of the state, the household, and himself. His rejection and persistence to ignore the power of the gods and religion is the cause for his great demise. Oedipus, a character too proud and knowledgeable, is seen as a threat to the gods.
Greek Mythology and Superheroes Thousands of years ago what is now considered mythology and folklore was actual religion among the indigenous cultures of those beliefs. Among those, Greek Mythology is the most well-known and referenced. Greek Gods were not visions of perfection. They had personal problems, arguments, wars, and a great multitude of affairs. The Greek gods were essentially characters in the works of many great writers and it can be debated that belief in these gods came second to the writing of the stories.
The Dual Role of Gods in The Iliad With even a cursory exposure to ancient Greek texts, it is obvious that the gods and goddesses are very important in traditional Greek culture. As literary figures in mythos and specific poetry and drama, the gods dabble in the life of man, predict his fate, and routinely thwart any attempt for him to entirely forge his own future. But for those of us who are not extensively schooled in antiquities, it is hard to pinpoint exactly what the gods are to the ancient Greeks, and what they are to us as readers of literature who live outside the culture. Were the gods accepted as parable figures, meant to instruct? Were they used to explain acts of nature?
They both rose through chance and circumstance and they both fell because of their brashness and hubris. Creon started off as a very different person to Oedipus. But once he became king, he immediately became an almost identical person to Oedipus. He was rash, unthinking and uncaring. This resulted in his downfall just as it caused Oedipus’.
The Olympian Gods constantly intervene with the mortals, but what is the cause? The Gods show their power over mortal men through divine interaction, physically and psychologically. The Gods and mortals interact in many different ways, but the natures of these interactions are what truly explain and describe how ancient Greeks recognized their Gods. It is important to understand the nature of the Gods before trying to understand immortal and mortal interactions. Greek literature that dates as far back as Homer describes the Olympian Gods as anthropomorphic, meaning they have human characteristics.
Furthermore, the hubris of Xerxes seeped into his subordinate Persians who plundered a temple and set fire to all of Acropolis (8.53-54). The gods typically punish a sign for hubris directly or indirectly and a divine wind punished the Xerxes and his forces obliterating a large portion of his fleet off Sarpeis (7.189-191). In the end Xerxes’ hubris led the Persian empire into destruction because he campaigned to extend the reach of his power and failed to heed to advice just as king
Tragically Flawed While his intentions were well meaning in the beginning, Oedipus finds himself weighed down by his own flaws. Tragically his flaws cause him to lose focus of his true objectives and damn himself to a life of misery. The tale of Oedipus depicts his rapid descent from Oedipus, savior and king of Thebes to Oedipus Tyrannus the man who slew his father and married his mother. Since Oedipus has so many tragic flaws there is a plethora to choose from. However, if Oedipus’s tragic traits could be described with two words it would be arrogant and imperceptive.