The Role Of Sciences In Archaeology

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The definition of archaeology is using the information from analysis of artefacts, the excavation of sites and physical remains to study the human prehistory and history (Oxford Living Dictionaries n.d.) which is similar to the definition given by Renfrew and Bahn (2016, p.12) that archaeology is study of the past society and human from their material culture. The book was written by Renfrew and Bahn (2016, p.13) also suggests that archaeology has two perspectives which are history and science. To some extent, archaeology is different with history, because it rather than use the written contexts it uses the material from the past, which does not have a written statement (Renfrew and Bahn 2016, p.13). Therefore, the gathering of the evidence,…show more content…
The methods for analysis in archaeology, science would definitely be one of the ways for the collaboration to obtain the relationship. Sciences can bring a more certain conclusion and the answer to the past (Hunt et al 2001). However, sciences in archaeology are not only able to provide analytical data for the interpretation, but also providing information for the planning before the excavation. When looking back to the archaeology history, the implication of sciences in archaeology is independent in its application format, although sciences are definitely integrated with archaeology in the archaeology theory – processual archaeology. When looks at nowadays archaeology, sciences have been used in many different disciplines, such as in pre-excavation and post-excavation…show more content…
However, the entire process for the analysis in the archaeology from my perspective might not be a completely subjective processes. The reasons that I think sciences in archaeology might not be completely objective is there are large number of decisions that need to be made before or during the scientific assessment is used. Even the results are obtained, the researchers, who analysis it, would be able to have an influence on the interpretation. For example, for the analysis of the stable isotopes, the researchers have to decide which isotopes that they would use, and sometimes assumptions have to be made in order to carry out the experiment, such as in Montgomery et al. (2016, p.4), the report clearly stated that the method that mentioned in the analysis of strontium and oxygen isotopes for this report is based on the assumption that people were eating and drinking products which were sourced locally. This can show that the use of science is not completely objective, as some of the information for the analysis is no longer available, so the assumption according to some other sources would be made, which makes the process become more

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