The indulgent-democratic technique incorporates both previously described patterns, being child-centered and tolerant, but also democratic (offering unconditional freedom of choice to the child). Also, parents are relatively emotionally distant in order to encourage the autonomy of the child (Baldwin et al., 1945). A known classification of parenting styles stems from Diana Baumrind, who conducted several research studies in regard to this subject matter. One of her studies was undertaken with the purpose of reproducing parent-child-relationships found in two previous studies and to farther discriminate between parental styles. In order to achieve these goals, several variables were examined and the parental beliefs and behaviors were measured and defined.
Parenting styles focus on how a parent acts or reacts to their child. Your style as a parent includes expectations, beliefs and values that surround how you support and punish your children. Each individual style of parenting plays a significant role in early childhood development. Authoritative parenting style results in a more desirable developmental state. Authoritative and Permissive styles of parenting, leaves less to be desired when it comes to child development.
An “emotion coaching” parent provides the most effective care and nurtures the child through empathy. Validation of feelings, naming the emotions involved, and setting boundaries while also providing assistance with problem solving is imperative. (Reed pg. 32) Research indicates that children with the highest self-esteem, self reliance, and social competence usually have warm, concerned, authoritative parents. (Myers pg.
Having expectations and boundaries are a vigorous part of parenting until it becomes unfeasible. As a result of being too strict, children often become de... ... middle of paper ... ... work individually and unite to influence children outcomes. Although specific parenting behaviors, such as spanking or reading aloud, may impact child development, looking at a certain behavior in isolation may be misleading. Though parents may fluctuate in how they try to control or socialize their children, it is implicit that the prime role of all parents is to influence, guide, and control their children. Parenting style provides a robust indicator of parenting functioning that foresees child well-being across a wide spectrum of environments and across diverse communities of children.
Some of the many factors that determine a child’s ultimate outcome include: the types of parenting styles used on children, parent involvement, and the many methods of discipline. The first, and most popular method of parenting, is the authoritative style. In this style the parents have high expectations when it comes to behavior; however, they also maintain an understanding for their children’s needs. In this technique the parents model the kind of behavior they want their kids to follow. Parents using this method are sometimes known as the backbone parent.
Authoritarian parents expect their children to accept their judgments and expectations with no questions asked, parents with authoritative parenting styles are direct and demanding, but responsive to their children. They are more willing to explain and elaborate on certain decisions and explain why an individual should “do or do not” in a given situation. Most would find this parenting choice unusual, but again, over the years it has taught many children great discipline and control. Parents with authoritative styles may find it has taught their children social leadership skills and communication etiquette. Parenting style has been found to predict child well-being in the domains of social competence, academic performance, psychosocial development, and problem behavior.
This group of parents set high but obtainable standards and guides the child in the progression. They set clear rules and enforce it consistently, at the same time explaining to the child the necessity of the rules. This creates a dual channel communication: Parent to child and child feedback to parent, this leads to mutual understanding and compliance of the child, (Sigelman & Rider,
Children raised by the authoritative parents tend to do well in all areas of growth and development and understand the value of give and take which will be helpful through out their lives. Works Cited Consistent Parenting Advice. (2009). Authoritarian parenting style. Retrieved from http://www.consistent-parenting-advice.com/authoritarian-parenting-style.html Marsiglia, C., Walczyk, J., Buboltz, W., Ross, D. (2007).
Each parent is different; they all have different ways in parenting and disciplining their children. One’s own parenting style is usually derived from the way one was raised or the society one lives in. Parenting styles include authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive, and it is very important to know which style one falls in because it can have an effect on how one’s child grows up to be and develops. Authoritative parenting would be the better parenting style because it is in the middle of the parenting styles; it is not at the extreme ends of the spectrum. It can be very beneficial to parents to understand that how one raises their children can give them a foundation for good development for years to come.
Because individuals learn how to parent from many different examples including their own parents, role models, society and life experiences. Parenting techniques can vary greatly from household to household, however, experts believe that parenting styles can be broken down into four main categories which include permissive,authoritarian,authoritative,and neglectful. The style of parenting with which children are raised can profoundly affect their social development, as well as their abilities to deal with life situations as adults. Parents who follow the permissive style of parenting have very few rules, no consistent limits, and more often than not give in to their children.. In a permissive family, the children are in charge.