The Risk Factors of Glacucoma

1371 Words6 Pages
“When I was first diagnosed with glaucoma, I was depressed. I didn’t know much about glaucoma, or whether the pressure could be controlled. I had trouble even accepting that something this serious could happen to my eyes.”- Roger McGuinn, Co-founder of the famed pop music group The Byrds.
With no treatment needed, glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in the United States, while simultaneously being the number one leading cause in Africa (Glaucoma Research Foundation). According to the American Optometric Association, “Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases causing optic nerve damage. The optic nerve carries images from the retina, which is the specialized light sensing tissue, to the brain so we can see.” They go on to say that when dealing with glaucoma, one’s eye pressure plays a vital role in damaging the delicate nerve fibers of the optic nerve. “When a significant number of nerve fibers are damaged, blind spots develop in the field of vision. Once nerve damage and visual loss occur, it is permanent.” The National Institute of Health states that due to shallower anterior chamber depths, this defect hurts the lives of people mostly from East Asian descent. The Foundation continues to say that blacks are among the people who are three times more likely to have glaucoma while woman in general are two times more likely to developing angle closure glaucoma.
While these are risk factors, Dr. Tim Kennedy who Launched jointly with his GP wife, Dr. Beverley Kenny, informs us in 1995 that even having a family history, possessing very short sight, or have ever been diagnosed with diabetes puts you at risk of developing a form of glaucoma. Of the different forms of this illness chronic open-angle glaucoma is the one contain...

... middle of paper ...

...erted in the eye to help drain aqueous fluid.
After laser surgery and eye drops don’t do the job making a drainage flap in the eye and inserting a drainage valve is next. Trabeculectomy is the filtering microsurgery involving the creation of a drainage flap. This flap will then allow fluid to “percolate” and later drain into the vascular system. All procedures aim to reduce the pressure inside the eye. Surgery may help lower pressure when medication is not sufficient, however it cannot reverse vision loss.
Sadly, after all of our breakthroughs a cure for glaucoma has yet to surface. Patients with glaucoma need to continue treatment for the rest of their lives. This makes it insanely difficult because the disease can progress or change silently. Because of the nature glaucoma is in, constant visits to the eye doctor is essential in keeping the disease low-key.

More about The Risk Factors of Glacucoma

Open Document