The central theme of his poetry is his own intense personal dispositions, as a lover, a friend, a psychoanalyst of his own experiences, worldly and religious. Classical poetry cannot unify these experiences; it is John Donne’s use of the metaphysical that allows him to present his poetry as a whole experience, and to show feelings as they are. This technique proves him not only successful in teaching and delighting audience, but achieving both so effectively that they have the ability to affect readers deeply.
They, in fact, lay out the essence of metaphysical poem, as does R.S. Hillyer to call “ Loosely, it has taken such meanings as these--metaphysical poetry as difficult, philosophical, obscure, ethereal, involved, supercilious, ingenious, fantastic and incongruous.” EPIGRAM AND DONNE’S METAPHYSICAL POETRY Concentration is one of the features of metaphysical poetry especially in Donne’s poetry because he introduces the readers to the new realm of argument and the closely interwoven thought, emotion and affection. We can find the communion of two souls of lovers into one existence in “The Ecstasy” where Donne intended to explain the different acts of love and the function of man as worthily performed man.
However, he actually uses the word ‘Canonization’ to talk about love tribulations. John Donne’s poem, ‘Canonization’, is a unique creation which was not unusual for poetry written by poets of his day. Canonization, can be said to have a lot of hidden meaning that can be compared to the poet’s own life experiences and it is also contradictory to what the word ‘Canonization’ really means. Donne makes the readers change their opinion on what they already know about love and believe his concepts on love. Donne as poet, uses his experience to write poems such as the “Canonization” to show how he was able to adapt from Catholicism to Anglicanism and often reflects in poetry themes such as love and religion and approaches them in a transcendent manner.
It is quite feasible to state that poetry at its finest is a dazzling and expressive art of words. A poem not only can expose the diplomatic beliefs of societies, but can also articulate passions and sentiments of the author to whom the poem belongs. One of the many fine poems that have been prevalent among the study of literature that is irrefutably powerful is Meditation 17 by John Donne. This poetic essay exposes John Donne’s opinions and beliefs on humanity, and covers much cogitation from religion all the way to death. Of course, the poem has been written so profoundly that one may not grasp it completely at first glimpse, however John Donne does use explicit strategies to better convey his message to readers of all sorts.
William Wordsworth's Expostulation and Reply and Strange Fits of Passion Have I Known William Wordsworth is well known for his great works of poetry, spawned from his unique idea of how good poetry should be written. Wordsworth was a firm believer in using simple language, and more importantly emphasized the need to have a reflective component to his poetry. As a result of his writing poetry in the Romantic era, elements such as nature and spirituality have a more profound effect on the poem. In two of his own poems, “Expostulation and Reply” and “Strange fits of passion have I known,” Wordsworth demonstrates the use of nature and spirituality combined with his more reflective style to create stunning poetry. Although no two poem can entirely capture his writing style, these two are as representative as possible, they’re alike in that they both use elements of nature and spirituality, but dissimilar because they create different experiences.
It promotes the purity of words the speaker possesses. It makes the poem much more exciting while trying to understand the concept of love that one can feel towards another. The poem can be characterized as metaphysical with the use of idioms and broken rhythms. The use of “Canonization” would infer that the poem is an example of metaphysical poetry. John Donne is considered a metaphysical poet.
Keats achieves more of Wordsworth's criteria to a greater extent in his poem "Ode to A Grecian Urn" than Wordsworth does in "The Solitary Reaper." The “Preface” to the Lyrical Ballads defines Wordsworth’s poetic credo. Like many, Wordsworth contends that a poet must be someone with a deep understanding of the human condition. He contends that good poems have a “purpose,” and that “all good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.” He also adds, that the object of his work “is to follow the fluxes and refluxes of the mind when agitated by the great and simple affections of our nature”(149). In his conclusion, he writes “the powers of language are not so limited… it is possible that poetry may give other enjoyments, of a purer, more lasting, and more exquisite nature”(154).
Basically, metaphysical poetry is made of paradoxes, abstract ideas, and things that are bigger than the physical aspects, such as love and religion. The works of metaphysical poets are filled with peculiar uses of common literary devices such as similes and metaphors. Such composers were viewed as having a very intellectual and modern way of writing. “Early in the twentieth century, T.S. Elliot sought to restore their reputation, attributing to them a unity of thought and feeling that had since their time been lost.
The Bold Metaphysical Poetry of John Donne In the seventeenth century, John Donne's writing was considered extreme. His style became known as metaphysical, a name given to such poets by critics. The term metaphysical is a word used to define something that is based on human reasoning. The Metaphysicals combined mind and intellect with emotion and nature, and they were accused of writing revolutionary poems just to display their learning. Poets who came before the metaphysical writers based their poetry on sweet, smooth musical verse.
Their life held an intensity of personal experience that became the focus of their work. Confessional poetry does not simply touch upon emotion. Confessional poetry allows emotion or looks at emotion through an examining eye rather to drive poems, permeating each poem with an air of necessity, the necessity of conveying and aiming to understand emotion through confession. Postmodern poet, Robert Lowell's poetry really captures the true essence of confessional poetry by sharing his own raw emotions with the reader. The mask that once was placed upon the influence of the symbolist, Eliot and Pound, Lowell removes.