The Rise Of The English Revolution

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The English Revolution was a struggle between Charles I and parliament for ultimate authority over the country. The French Revolution was directed against the absolute monarchy of Louis XVI. It began with the government’s concern to reform the tax system to save the country from bankruptcy. One common factor of these revolutions was a financial issue, in particular, taxation. Both monarchs ruled under the idea of Divine Right. Divine Right is the belief that God has chosen the king and as a result anything he does is ordained by God. Yet the people lost faith in their leaders as these two countries were not the once great kingdoms they were. Laurence Stone writes: The most important cause, and symptom, of the decay of any government or institution is the loss of prestige and respect among the public at large, and the loss of self-confidence among the leaders themselves in their capacity to rule” (p. 79). Louis XVI and Charles I did a poor job ruling their country by starting wars and overspending to live extravagant lifestyles. These two monarchs were incompetent and tyrannical leaders whose actions and decisions led them to their own downfall. Similarly, Louis XVI and Charles I had once ruled over their kingdoms as absolute monarchs, but, at the end of their reign both stood trial and were executed for their crimes. King Charles I of England ruled from 1625 to 1649. Unfortunately, throughout his reign, Charles could not live up to the legacy or attain the admiration of his people the way his predecessors, Elizabeth I and Henry VIII, have done before him (L. Stone, p. 90). His religious policies and his marriage to a Roman Catholic generated suspicion with groups such as the Puritans, who thought his views were too Catholic. ... ... middle of paper ... ...wrong. Charles refused to accept the demands for a constitutional monarchy. Charles was tried, convicted, and executed for high treason for “violation of the fundamental constitutions of this Kingdom” in January 30, 1649 (L. Stone, p. 49). During the hearing, Charles did not accept legal council nor recognized the court. He believed he was dying on behalf of true religion of the monarchy. With Charles’s execution, the monarchy, the House of Lords, and the Anglican Church was abolished. Charles’s execution is also symbolic due to the fact that it has never happened before and that a monarch was held accountable for his actions. Oliver Cromwell led the nation as with the establishment of a republic called the Commonwealth. Thus, beginning a decade of Republicanism, the only time in English history. The monarchy was later restored to Charles’s son, Charles II, in 1660.
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