The Rise Of Populism

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Essay Title: How can the rise in populism in Europe and the US be explained, and what are the political and economic consequences likely to be? Recently, support for populism has been rising heavily in the US and in Europe. There are many reasons for the rise of populism and it has resulted in and will continue to result in significant political and economic consequences. However, before we discuss the impacts of populism and how it developed, populism must first be defined. It has various meanings and, therefore, is a contested term. The definition that is used in this essay is a definition invented by political scientist Cas Mudde and presents populism as an ideology that “considers society to be ultimately separated into two homogeneous…show more content…
This essay debunks the ideology of populism and proposes it is slowing down the progress of western civilization. Having defined populism, the reasons for the development of the rise in the US and Europe can now be discussed. In the analysis, a distinction will be made between the origins of the rise in the US and those of the rise in Europe. In Europe, new right-wing populist parties emerged to claim the ideological free space that conservatives or Christian-democratic parties have vacated in their own centrist liberalization. In the US, on the other hand, the established parties were, in fact, hijacked by populist politicians from within the party. There is not one definitive cause for the rise in populism. Many different problems slowly compiling together have made the public desperate enough to move towards the populist right. Roth believes populism has seen a rise due to the…show more content…
The reasons for the rise were also linked with a consequence: the slowing down and reversal of everything western civilization has achieved. Economic consequences such as, due to fiscal stimulus the economy would have a growth in the short-term but in the long run the economy would be weakened. The typical economic cycle of populist expansions was mentioned as a consequence and was provided with some examples in the countries of Venezuela, Argentina, and Brazil which were all negatively affected by populism while Colombia did not suffer any of these negative effects due to them shunning populism. The bottleneck and capacity constraints would cause a downfall in the confidence of people and a freefall in the economy. Racial division in the United States would likely lead to stricter immigration laws being implemented which would also have a reversal effect to before neoliberalism. The term populism not managing to create a satisfactory link between the right and left have given birth to polarization which has been increased due to the political conflict over the solutions presented by both sides to economic problems. The rise of populism and the political and economic consequences involved supporting my proposal of populism slowing down the progress of
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