The Republic of Ireland

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The Republic of Ireland became an independent nation through a series of political events that occurred between 1800-1949. These events correlate to each other, and are critical for Ireland becoming what it is today.
Ireland, otherwise known as Éire in Gaelic Irish, became a republic in 1949. It had represented a long battle for independence from Britain, dating back to the middle of the 12th century. After the success of the Anglo-Norman intervention that had began in 1167, by 1171 Ireland had become a colony of Britain (2). This meant that the King of England, King Henry II, would be the country’s new lord (2). Throughout the next 600 years or so, Irish resentment against the British would continue to arise. With attempted rebellions, and resistance to British rule and religion, resulted the establishment of the Act of Union in 1800 (16, pg 420). From this Act, followed the Great Potato Famine in 1845 (16, pg 420). With the amount of carelessness shown by the British government, came the result of Home Rule (16, pg 420). This was an idea presented in 1870, which carried out into the early 20th century (16, pg 420-421). Development of the group Sinn Féin as well as others carried out these beliefs in Home Rule, resulting in the Easter Rising. Easter Rising was a turning point – it was one of the first major acts towards gaining Irish independence. In 1919 the Anglo Irish War, began, and from there result a civil war between the northern and southern states of Ireland ( ). In 1949, Ireland declared themselves a republic – finally gaining full independence as a nation ( ).
The Act of Union 1800 was established as a result of the rebellion in 1798 (12, pg 1). The rebellion consisted of not only Irish troops, but French tro...

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... emigration, and disease (12, pg 4). This feeling would become a legacy that would shape political developments at the end of the 19th century (ibid), including the idea Home Rule.
Home Rule emerged shortly after the potato famine in 1870 (10, pg 73). The Irish Parliamentary Party established this idea, seeking to encourage national pride, and by doing so the Irish Parliament would be re-established (10, pg 73). This was to be accomplished through a revival of the language, sport, and culture (12, pg 9). Promoting Home Rule seemed like a positive notation, but problems did arise. Pope Leo XIII, the Catholic hierarchy of Ireland, opposed the idea of Home Rule, because the leader of the movement, Charles Stewart Parnell, was a Protestant (10, pg 73). This issue would continue to grow well into the 20th century, dividing Ireland into two separate groups (10, pg 73).
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