Socrates thought that the gods wanted him to make other people aware of their ignorance. Socrates thought that he was not only performing a divine mission but he was also doing Athens a great favor (The Apology 30b). Socrates thought that he was helping the Athenian citizens to consider the state of their souls and not wealth and power (The Apology 30b). What I think Socrates was trying to help the Athenian citizens with was to help develop their critical thinking skills. Socrates’ elenchus is useful bec... ... middle of paper ... ... ignorance.
For instance, Crito says he has rich friends that will help Socrates leaves Athens. Socrates questions Crito about exile, because Socrates believed that banishment is defying the law. I do not agree with Socrates because he is given two choices, eviction or death. However, my personal perspective is that both men are right and wrong, Socrates should not escape because of his moral values; however, there is nothing wrong with exile. Socrates believed in many things; for example, believing in the after life, and not fixing injustice with additional injustice.
You can persuade others to se your point of view, but without intelligence it can be unjust. He believes that, "…doing what one sees fit without intelligence is bad." Socrates argument is that moral virtue is s form of intelligence, and convinces Polus that in order to have great power, you must use it for what you believe to be the better. Polus believes that those who have the power do what they see fit, and at the same time are doing what it is they want to do. Socrates refutes this and says that though the tyrant may do what he sees fit, it is not really what he wants to do.
It does not make sense for him to live with a soul that is corrupted. Socrates is a very convincing speaker and philosopher because of all the good arguments he brings forth to the table revolving around his idea of living life justly. A big reason he did the right thing by not escaping is because and unjust act should not be done to repay an unjust act. He says “If we ought never to act unjustly at all, ought we to repay injustice with injustice, as the multitude thinks we may?” to help solidify his argument... ... middle of paper ... ...life; it was to not escape jail. This was the right decision even though it was to cost him his life.
As a result of his reflection however, he places more value on the opinion of “he who understands justice and injustice”( (Plato, The Crito, §48a). Through his questioning and encouragement of examination, the defendant does not attempt to undermine the majority, but rather believes that the opinions of examined men carry more weight than those of a simple majority. This does not, however, prove Socrates’ innocence completely. As I see it, the greatest display of the defendant’s commitment to upholding the democracy and the majority rule is his strict adherence to the laws of Athens. In the aforementioned case of the ten generals, Socrates opposed the majority in court advocating for the legal cause, but when a verdict was reached he accepted it.
Within Book X, In The Republic, Socrates argues for the existence of an immortal soul. With this plead, he makes the point that good is that which preserves and benefits. Justice is good, so it therefore preserves and benefits in this life as well as the next. Therefore, even though a man may wish to behave badly when no one is looking, as with the myth of the ring of Gyges, according to Socrates, by behaving justly we will have the most rewards. Eventually, the difficulty with Socrates' arguments is that they rely on associating things on to the next in a chain that eventually leads back to the original proposition.
Socrates believed that feeling pure inside was far more important than lying, cheating, and guilting his way out. He would much rather have a pure soul than an evil soul like the unintelligent guards (Socrates, The Crito pg. 8). Even though this argument seems solid, there is still objections to Socrates’s claim. Crito thinks that we should care about the opinions of others, but Socrates claims otherwise.
Cephalus says tha... ... middle of paper ... ... reminds Thrasymachus that he had earlier admitted that justice is an excellence of character. Thus, is must follow that the just person is the happy person. Socrates then sums up his statements. Injustice is never more profitable than justice, no matter how you argue Thrasymachus. Although Socrates realizes he has refuted Thrasymachus, he also realizes his argument is incomplete.
Socrates then goes to another wise man, but is again let down. He still believes he is wiser. Convinced that he would not find a more intelligent man amongst wise men, he then questioned the more "educated people", such as poets and artisans. According to Plato, Socrates says "I imagine, they find a great abundance of men who think that they know a great... ... middle of paper ... ...litical figure came close to challenging Socrates' unique philosophical plan. In the Republic, Socrates' ideas of how ignorant a democracy is, is portrayed in the Apology when Socrates' proclamation resulted in death.
To recognize and acknowledge your own ignorance is to be wise. Socrates highlights this point when he tries to explain to the Athenians that he believed the oracle was only using him as a paradigm to teach. Socrates did not believe the oracle intended to say that he was the wisest man; only that Socrates was a man with a vast amount of wisdom because of his awareness of his own ignorance. The only way to ever truly be wise is to have the ability to admit that, although you may be keen in some areas, you don’t know it all. In the previously used examples, the student that chose to recognize their ignorance of the subject definitely had the upper hand when confronted with having to utilize their skills.